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Quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling traits associated with winterhardiness in barley (field survival, LT50, growth habit, and crown fructan content) were mapped to chromosome 7 in a population of 100 F1-derived doubled haploid lines. The largest QTL effects for all traits were detected in a 21% recombination interval on the long arm of chromosome 7.(More)
Two cDNA clones (CRH1 and CRH2) homologous to animal calreticulin, a major calcium storage protein in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum, were isolated from an ovary cDNA library of barley through differential screening. The two clones differ in the 3' untranslated region and the 5' region that encodes a putative N-terminal signal sequence. CRH1 was(More)
Winterhardiness in cereals is the consequence of a number of complex and interacting components: cold tolerance, vernalization requirement and photoperiod sensitivity. An understanding of the genetic basis of these component traits should allow for more effective selection. Genome map-based analyses hold considerable promise for dissecting complex(More)
Brittle rachis is a head shattering mechanism of barley. Two tightly linked complementary genes, btr1 and btr2, were believed to control the non-brittle rachis trait. Position of non-brittle rachis loci btr1btr2 on the short arm of Chromosome 3 was investigated using RFLP markers. Two approaches were employed. First, a Hordeum vulgare subsp. spontaneum(More)
In 1969 , John McCarthy , the mathematician who coined the term " Artificial Intelligence , " joined forces with another AI researcher , Patrick Hayes , and coined another term, " the frame problem. " It seemed to be a devil of a problem , perhaps even a mortal blow to the hopes of AI. It looked to me like a new philosophical or epistemological problem ,(More)
Concept Maps are seen as ways to conceptualize domains that can be comprehended within the human attention span, and are often based on terminologies arising in technical, scientific or engineering domains. We report on a set of related projects that go beyond this tradition in two ways: by connecting CmapTools to the new, machine-processable standard(More)
Resolving conceptual conflicts between formalized ontologies is likely to become a major engineering problem as ontologies move into widespread use on the semantic web. We believe that in the immediate and medium-term future, conflict resolution will require the use of human collaboration, and cannot be achieved by automated methods except in simple cases.(More)
The meaningful integration and comprehension of data from many different sources poses a difficult challenge for the Intelligence Community. Establishing the underlying semantics of that data and developing semantics for new or specialized scenarios is a key part of the solution to that challenge. The emerging Semantic Web technologies address this(More)