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In 1969 , John McCarthy , the mathematician who coined the term " Artificial Intelligence , " joined forces with another AI researcher , Patrick Hayes , and coined another term, " the frame problem. " It seemed to be a devil of a problem , perhaps even a mortal blow to the hopes of AI. It looked to me like a new philosophical or epistemological problem ,(More)
It is the author's opinion that by educating dentists on the warning signs of suicide and the protocol for managing suspected cases, the tragic deaths of many adolescents may be prevented. Educational material should be presented in the undergraduate dental curriculum and periodically reinforced in the dental literature and continuing education courses.(More)
Concept Maps are seen as ways to conceptualize domains that can be comprehended within the human attention span, and are often based on terminologies arising in technical, scientific or engineering domains. We report on a set of related projects that go beyond this tradition in two ways: by connecting CmapTools to the new, machine-processable standard(More)
We have previously shown that linkage disequilibrium (LD) in the elite cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare) gene pool extends, on average, for <1-5 cM. Based on this information, we have developed a platform for whole genome association studies that comprises a collection of elite lines that we have characterized at 3060 genome-wide single nucleotide(More)
The meaningful integration and comprehension of data from many different sources poses a difficult challenge for the Intelligence Community. Establishing the underlying semantics of that data and developing semantics for new or specialized scenarios is a key part of the solution to that challenge. The emerging Semantic Web technologies address this(More)
Resolving conceptual conflicts between formalized ontologies is likely to become a major engineering problem as ontologies move into widespread use on the semantic web. We believe that in the immediate and medium-term future, conflict resolution will require the use of human collaboration, and cannot be achieved by automated methods except in simple cases.(More)
As part of a larger project, one of our goals is to enable users, not trained in AI, to be able to pose questions to an inference-capable knowledge base (KB), and receive acceptable answers. In particular, we wish the system to support answering a wide variety of questions , including longer questions which may include scenario descriptions, without(More)
Dental screenings were completed on 209 pediatric patients six months and older that were scheduled for cardiac surgery from two different geographical locations. The screening involved an educational session on bacterial endocarditis and preventive dentistry followed by a dental examination. We found that sixty-two (30 percent) patients had seen a dentist(More)