Pat Farrington Bass

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OBJECTIVE To examine the nature and cause of patients' misunderstanding common dosage instructions on prescription drug container labels. METHODS In-person cognitive interviews including a literacy assessment were conducted among 395 patients at one of three primary care clinics in Shreveport, Louisiana, Jackson, Michigan and Chicago, Illinois. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND: Adverse events resulting from medication error are a serious concern. Patients’ literacy and their ability to understand medication information are increasingly seen as a safety issue. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether adult patients receiving primary care services at a public hospital clinic were able to correctly interpret commonly used(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare performance of the newest vital sign (NVS) with existing literacy measures. METHODS We administered the NVS and REALM to 129 patients, and NVS and S-TOFHLA to 119 patients all in public clinics. RESULTS The NVS demonstrated high sensitivity for detecting limited literacy and moderate specificity (area under the receiver operating(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is emerging as a physiological neuromodulator as well as a smooth muscle relaxant. We submit the first evidence that blood H(2)S levels are significantly lower in fasting blood obtained from type 2 diabetes patients compared with age-matched healthy subjects, and in streptozotocin-treated diabetic rats compared with control(More)
SCOPE Chromium and cysteine supplementation have been shown to improve glucose metabolism in animal studies. This study examined the hypothesis that chromium dinicocysteinate (CDNC), a complex of chromium and l-cysteine, is beneficial in lowering oxidative stress, vascular inflammation, and glycemia in type 2 diabetic subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS Type 2(More)
PURPOSE The common causes for misunderstanding prescription drug warning labels (PWLs) among adults with low literacy were studied. METHODS A total of 74 patients reading at or below the sixth-grade level and receiving care at the primary care clinic at the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in Shreveport were recruited to participate in(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to determine parent and provider knowledge and awareness of newborn screening; to gather opinions from parents, providers, and newborn screening professionals about the content and timing of newborn screening education; and to use consensus data to formulate recommendations and to develop educational materials for(More)
BACKGROUND Single-center studies suggest an increasing incidence of acute pancreatitis (AP) in children. Our specific aims were to (i) estimate the recent secular trends, (ii) assess the disease burden, and (iii) define the demographics and comorbid conditions of AP in hospitalized children within the United States. METHODS We used the Healthcare Cost and(More)
Previous studies have identified laboratory markers for severe Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). The most consistent of these markers is the presence of marked leukocytosis. We examined the validity of these markers as predictors of mortality in patients with CDI. We excluded patients with preexisting hematologic conditions that would be expected to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of a literacy-appropriate weight loss intervention targeting providers and patients in improving physicians' weight loss counseling and patients' self-reported beliefs, and self-efficacy. METHODS The study took place in a public hospital nephrology clinic. The intervention included two physician workshops and a small group(More)