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Nasal respiratory airflow resistances of awake snorers averaged 0.188 +/- 0.165 Pa/cm3/s (N = 306) and were not elevated beyond the normal range (less than 0.25 Pa/cm3/s). Resistances were decreased substantially from a mean of 0.164 +/- 0.128 to 0.065 +/- 0.037 Pa/cm3/s (N = 72) by a nasal vestibular dilator (Nozovent). Effects of the dilator on breathing(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the mortality experience of workers from the styrene-butadiene rubber industry. Concerns about a possible association of 1,3-butadiene and styrene with lymphohaematopoietic, gastrointestinal, and lung cancers prompted the investigation. METHODS A retrospective follow up study was conducted of 15,649 men employed for at(More)
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the relationship among upper airway resistance, snoring, and arousals, all measured simultaneously, in nonapneic snorers complaining of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). To accomplish this task, we selected a group of nine nonapneic snorers who presented because of snoring, EDS, tiredness, or(More)
Previous observers have suggested that the main site of respiratory airflow resistance is localized to the vestibular region of the nose. This resistive segment of the airway was investigated using a "head-out" body plethysmograph in subjects with anatomically normal noses (a) untreated, (b) congested and (c) decongested. In all three conditions, 2/3 of the(More)
This is a case-control study of 160 persons with glioblastoma and 128 of their "best friends" as controls. Subjects came mainly from greater Boston, and data were gathered by questionnaire and telephone interview. Among those who had had a "severe" head injury at age 15 or later, the age-adjusted rate ratio (RR) of glioblastoma was 10.6, p = 0.004. There(More)
A case-control study of brain tumor was conducted in collaborating hospitals in Boston, Providence, and Baltimore. Cases were 160 consecutive patients being treated for glioblastoma, grade 3 or 4 astrocytoma, or anaplastic astrocytoma. Controls were 128 healthy persons identified among the case's friends. A complex self-administered questionnaire was used(More)
The association of nutritional factors with cervical dysplasia was examined through a case-control study. Analysis was conducted in 257 cases and 133 controls confirmed both by cytological examination and colposcopic findings. A 24-h dietary recall questionnaire was used to assess nutritional intake. Various risk factors (including age at first intercourse,(More)
Population surveys have demonstrated an inverse relationship between breast cancer incidence rates and the urine "estriol ratio," the concentration of estriol relative to the sum of the concentrations of estrone and estradiol. In this study, the urine estriol ratio was evaluated in premenopausal breast cancer patients and control women from Boston and San(More)
Dimensions of the external nose and nostrils and nasal airflow resistances were determined in healthy, young Caucasian, Oriental, and Negro adults. Statistically significant variation between racial groups was found in nasal width and the differential between dorsi-ventral and transverse nostril diameters. Corresponding differences were found also in nasal(More)