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The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) and the serotypes were determined for 666 strains of Candida albicans isolated from white patients in Canada. Of these strains, 495 (74.3%) were serotype A and 71 (25.7%) were serotype B. Resistance to 5-FC (MIC, greater than or equal to 25 microgram/ml) was observed in 11.3% of the(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the present study was to compare current results of prosthetic valve replacement following acute infective native valve endocarditis (NVE) with that of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE). Prosthetic valve replacement is often necessary for acute infective endocarditis. Although valve repair and homografts have been associated(More)
BACKGROUND Sternal wound infection remains a significant complication. We reviewed the incidence and the treatment of sternal wound infection after heart transplantation. METHODS Of 226 patients who had a heart transplantation, 20 (8.8%) underwent postoperative wound debridement for superficial or deep sternal wound infection. The incidence and the(More)
Studies on the prevalence of tinea pedis, a frequently encountered dermatophytic infection, have been conducted mostly in swimmers although people who regularly practise other types of physical activities may also have a high rate of clinical or subclinical infection. This investigation was undertaken to establish the rate of infection in marathon runners,(More)
The antifungal activity of hen egg-white lysozyme was investigated in vitro using a hypotonic medium designed to support an anabolic cellular state with minimal growth stimulation. The pathogenic yeast Candida albicans was found to be sensitive to microgram amounts of hen egg-white lysozyme. This susceptibility was evidenced by sluggish growth and a(More)
The fungicidal effect of lysozyme on Candida albicans involves ultrastructural modifications previously described (G. Marquis, S. Montplaisir, S. Garzon, H. Strykowski, and P. Auger, Lab. Invest. 46:627-636, 1982). To further define the action of lysozyme on the yeast cell wall, we used the following: (i) the periodic acid-thiocarbohydrazide-silver(More)
Candida infections involve multiple risk factors. Among the independent risk factors identified, the degree of colonization of Candida spp. allows the prediction of subsequent severe candidosis in surgical patients. The aim of this study was to assess among 13 selected variables, those that would best predict the perioperative variation of the colonization(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial candidemia is an important infection because of its increasing incidence and its high fatality rate. Candidiasis involves multiple risk factors. In this work, we study the degree of Candida colonization in cardiovascular surgical patients by taking into account the number of sites colonized and the density of growth. METHODS Eleven(More)