Learn More
Structural and functional MRI was used in conjunction with computerized electron microscopy morphometry to study changes 2 h, 24 h and 3 days after 4-aminopyridine-induced seizures lasting 2 h in rats. T2 (relaxation time) values showed changes throughout the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala and medial thalamus, with a different temporal progression,(More)
This preliminary study describes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data on the effects of sub-chronic nicotine administration in rats. Nicotine 0.4 mg/kg s.c. free base was given once a day for 4 days to Wistar adult male rats. On day 5, anaesthetized subjects were observed using an MRI tomography system. Regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and transversal(More)
The rat brain was investigated with structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 12 h after the arrest of pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus lasting 4 h. Histopathological data, obtained immediately after MRI analysis, were correlated with the images through careful evaluation of tissue shrinkage. Diffusion-weighted and T2-weighted imaging(More)
Pilocarpine-induced seizures in rats provide a widely animal model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Some evidences reported in the literature suggest that at least 1 h of status epilepticus (SE) is required to produce subsequent chronic phase, due to the SE-related acute neuronal damage. However, recent data seems to indicate that neuro-inflammation plays a(More)
The neuron loss characteristic of hippocampal sclerosis in temporal lobe epilepsy patients is thought to be the result of excitotoxic, rather than ischemic, injury. In this study, we assessed changes in vascular structure, gene expression, and the time course of neuronal degeneration in the cerebral cortex during the acute period after onset of(More)
Seven human fetuses of crown/rump length corresponding to gestational ages ranging from the 12th to the 16th week were studied using a paradigm based on three-dimensional reconstruction of the brain obtained by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of the study was to evaluate brain morphology in situ and to describe developmental dynamics during an(More)
In activation-induced manganese-enhanced MRI (AIM-MRI) experiments, differential accumulation of Mn in activated and silent brain areas is generally assessed using T(1)-weighted images and quantified by the enhancement of signal intensity (SI), calculated with reference to SI before Mn administration or to SI of brain regions unaffected by the specific(More)
In refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, seizures often arise from a shrunken hippocampus exhibiting a pattern of selective neuron loss called "classic hippocampal sclerosis." No single experimental injury has reproduced this specific pathology, suggesting that hippocampal atrophy might be a progressive "endstage" pathology resulting from years of spontaneous(More)
Dynamic contrast-enhanced (albumin-Gd-DTPA) magnetic resonance imaging, performed during 2 weeks of daily administration of an inhibitor of tyrosine kinase receptors (SU6668) in an HT-29 colon carcinoma model, revealed the onset of a hyper-enhancing rim, not observed in untreated tumours. To account for tissue heterogeneity in the quantitative analysis, we(More)
OBJECTIVES The paper aims at improving the support of medical researchers in the context of in-vivo cancer imaging. Morphological and functional parameters obtained by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) techniques are analyzed, which aim at investigating the development of tumor microvessels. The main contribution consists in proposing a machine(More)