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In the present paper, chemical shift imaging techniques are applied to quantitative in vivo evaluation of fat and water content in interscapular brown adipose tissue (BAT). The experiments have been carried out on five female Sprague-Dawley rats after calibration and testing with suitable phantoms containing known amounts of water and oil. We found that, in(More)
Structural and functional MRI was used in conjunction with computerized electron microscopy morphometry to study changes 2 h, 24 h and 3 days after 4-aminopyridine-induced seizures lasting 2 h in rats. T2 (relaxation time) values showed changes throughout the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala and medial thalamus, with a different temporal progression,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare a pure macromolecular contrast agent (Gd-DTPA-albumin) with a new protein-binding blood pool contrast agent (B22956/1) in terms of their capacity to investigate the microvasculature in an experimental model of mammary carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Tumors were induced by subcutaneous injection of 5 x 10(5)(More)
Although in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is rapidly becoming a recognised tool in experimental pharmacological research, at the best of our knowledge, scarce application in the field of antibacterial drug research has been reported so far. In this last field, animal models of bacterial infections are used to test the efficacy of novel compounds. In(More)
This preliminary study describes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data on the effects of sub-chronic nicotine administration in rats. Nicotine 0.4 mg/kg s.c. free base was given once a day for 4 days to Wistar adult male rats. On day 5, anaesthetized subjects were observed using an MRI tomography system. Regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and transversal(More)
The rat brain was investigated with structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 12 h after the arrest of pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus lasting 4 h. Histopathological data, obtained immediately after MRI analysis, were correlated with the images through careful evaluation of tissue shrinkage. Diffusion-weighted and T2-weighted imaging(More)
Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLN) are already under investigation as a pharmaceutical tool able to change the pharmacokinetic and biodistribution of carried molecules. SLN are able to target drugs to lymph after duodenal administration and to overcome the Blood Brain Barrier (BBB). In this study, superparamagnetic SLN have been prepared, have colloidal size,(More)
Seven human fetuses of crown/rump length corresponding to gestational ages ranging from the 12th to the 16th week were studied using a paradigm based on three-dimensional reconstruction of the brain obtained by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of the study was to evaluate brain morphology in situ and to describe developmental dynamics during an(More)
Growing evidences indicate that proteases are implicated in adipogenesis and in the onset of obesity. We previously reported that the cysteine protease cathepsin K (ctsk) is overexpressed in the white adipose tissue (WAT) of obese individuals. We herein characterized the WAT and the metabolic phenotype of ctsk deficient animals (ctsk-/-). When the growth(More)
Recent studies have raised appealing possibilities of replacing damaged or lost neural cells by transplanting in vitro-expanded neural precursor cells (NPCs) and/or their progeny. Magnetic resonance (MR) tracking of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-labeled cells is a noninvasive technique to track transplanted cells in longitudinal studies on living(More)