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During the last 4 years, the authors have had six cases of occipital condyle fractures, a very rare injury. Medline search yielded reports of 20 occipital condyle fractures in the literature. Of the six treated by the authors, one death (by pontine hemorrhage) occurred in a patient with a displaced avulsion fracture on the right occipital condyle (Type(More)
The efficacy of posterior arthrodesis of the cervical spine with AO reconstruction plates and autogenous bone graft was evaluated in a prospective study. The technique of surgical exposure and the application of the reconstruction plates fixed with screws to the lateral masses is described in detail. Of 30 patients with unstable cervical spines, all had(More)
Twenty-five consecutive patients with unstable thoracolumbar and lumbar burst fractures were surgically treated with the AO Fixateur Interne (Synthes USA, 1690 Russell Rd., Paoli, PA). Indications for surgery included a progressive neurologic deficit, spinal canal compromise greater than 50%, vertebral body collapse greater than 50%, or sagittal angulation(More)
The purpose of this study is to elucidate anatomically the atlantoaxial transarticular screw fixation described by Magerl in 1979 and compare it biomechanically with Gallie wiring. Five human C1-C2 specimens were tested in flexion/extension and rotation intact, then after wiring and screw fixation. Mean screw length was 39 mm, 25 mm in the C2 lamina and 14(More)
While odontoid fractures are common injuries, disagreement exists regarding treatment. Some authors claim a high rate of pseudoarthrosis and have therefore recommended early posterior fixation and fusion. This, however, results in decreased cervical rotation. Therefore, it has been recommended that a more direct approach to the fracture be taken. Results on(More)
Recent advances in the area of cervical spine internal fixation have resulted in important additions to the armamentarium of the spine surgery. However, a sophisticated knowledge of the biomechanics of these devices is important. This article discusses the biomechanics of odontoid screws, anterior cervical plates, posterior cervical plates, and posterior(More)
We herein report the results of a prospective study to define the role of diskography in the diagnosis of low back pain in an emerging era of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The study involved 32 patients (78 disks) with a clinical diagnosis of lumbar disk herniation; all were studied by computed tomography-diskography (CT-D), and 25 (51 disks) were also(More)
From January 1980 through December 1984, 454 patients were evaluated with facet joint injections. All had the chief complaint of low-back pain, normal neurologic examinations and no root tension signs. Three hundred and ninety completed the protocol, which included a lumbar motion pain assessment before and after facet injection. A total of 127 variables(More)