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The genetic variability and population structure of a collection of 45 Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV-3) isolates were studied by single-stranded conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and sequence analysis of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), heat-shock protein 70 homologue (HSP-70) and coat protein (CP) genes. The distribution of SSCP(More)
In the attempt to identify the causal agent of Citrus chlorotic dwarf disease (CCDD), a virus-like disorder of citrus, the small RNA fraction and total DNA from symptomatic citrus plants were subjected to high-throughput sequencing. DNA fragments deriving from an apparently new geminivirus-like agent were found and assembled by NGS to re-construct the(More)
Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is a three component isodiametric plant virus which is common worldwide and has an extremely wide host range. A pseudorecombinant was made, derived from the RNA3 component of the CMV-S strain, carrying the coat protein (CP) gene, and the RNA1,2 components of the CMV-D strain. This system developed mild mosaic and vein clearing in(More)
Virus-derived short interfering RNAs (vsiRNAs) isolated from grapevine V. vinifera Pinot Noir clone ENTAV 115 were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing using the Illumina Solexa platform. We identified and characterized vsiRNAs derived from grapevine field plants naturally infected with different viruses belonging to the genera Foveavirus, Maculavirus,(More)
Full-length cDNA copies of the genomes of Grapevine virus A (GVA) and Grapevine virus B (GVB) under the control of bacteriophage T7 promoter have been synthesized, which were refractory to cloning in Escherichia coli. However, both transcribed cDNAs were infectious when mechanically inoculated to Nicotiana plants. A full-length cDNA copy of GVB was(More)
Grapevine leafroll disease (GLD) is one of the most important grapevine viral diseases affecting grapevines worldwide. The impact on vine health, crop yield, and quality is difficult to assess due to a high number of variables, but significant economic losses are consistently reported over the lifespan of a vineyard if intervention strategies are not(More)
The 5' terminal region of the genomic RNA of grapevine virus A (GVA), a tentative member of the Trichovirus genus, encompassing 5466 nucleotides, was sequenced. Evidence was obtained that the RNA is capped. Two putative open reading frames (ORF) were identified: ORF 1 that codes for a 194 kDa polypeptide with conserved motifs of replication-related proteins(More)
ABSTRACT Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) was purified from grapevines infected with grapevine leafroll-associated viruses 4 (GLRaV-4) and 5 (GLRaV-5), two putative closteroviruses. Reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed on this dsRNA using degenerate oligonucleotides designed to amplify an approximately 550- to 650-nucleotide(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of an Albanian isolate of grapevine leafroll-associated virus 7 (GLRaV-7-Alb) was determined. The viral genome consists of 16,404 nucleotides and has nine open reading frames (ORFs) that potentially encode proteins, most of which are typical for members of the family Closteroviridae. Only the 25-kDa (ORF8) and 27-kDa (ORF9)(More)
The role of Grapevine Pinot gris virus (GPGV) in the etiology of grapevine leaf mottling and deformation was investigated by biological and molecular assays. A survey on different cultivars from the Trentino Region in Italy showed a widespread distribution of GPGV, which was associated with symptomatic (79%) but also with symptomless (21%) vines.(More)