Pasquale Pagliano

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The aim of this study was to determine the independent risk factors, morbidity, and mortality of central nervous system (CNS) infections caused by Listeria monocytogenes. We retrospectively evaluated 100 episodes of neuroinvasive listeriosis in a multinational study in 21 tertiary care hospitals of Turkey, France, and Italy from 1990 to 2014. The mean age(More)
Eighteen patients undergoing two-stage exchange arthroplasty for infected total hip or knee arthroplasty using gentamicin-loaded bone cement spacers (80g bone cement, 2 g gentamicin and 2 g clindamycin) were studied. The concentration of gentamicin eluted from the spacers was assessed on samples of blood, urine, and drainage fluid that were collected from(More)
Incidence of brain infections in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive patients is reduced after the availability of current high active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 (HSV-2) is an infrequent cause of encephalitis in HIV patients despite it is frequently involved in sexual transmitted infections. Here, we report a case of(More)
After implementation of programmes for active immunization against Haemophilus influenzae b, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis became the most common agents of bacterial meningitis in childhood. Over a 9-year period, children showing clinical and laboratory findings of meningitis on the basis of their positive cultures of blood or(More)
The introduction of HAART (highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy) has resulted in extended survival of HIV positive patients. Conversely, due to the prolonged expectancy of life and the ageing of the HIV positive population, tumors are now one of the major cause of death, and among them hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become a growing concern in these(More)
Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is a surgical weight-loss procedure. Splenic abscess is a rare complication of SG. Four cases of splenic abscess after SG have been reported, all managed by surgical intervention. We report the first documented case of multiple splenic abscesses following SG managed conservatively by an integrated medical treatment.
Toscana virus was detected by reverse transcription-nested PCR in 5.6% of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients with meningitis and encephalitis during the summer in southern Italy. The central nervous system infections were associated with young adults and with a substantially benign clinical course. Presenting features and CSF findings are also(More)
Kang and coll. reported the data from a large prospective cohort of patients with Staphylococcus aureus infection. The authors found that Methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) accounted for 57.8% of 4949 cases observed and reported a close relationship between an inappropriate antimicrobial therapy and mortality. However, the study was not tailored to find(More)
Sepsis and septic shock are common life-threatening pathologies associated with high mortality and substantial costs for healthcare system. Clinical guidelines and bundles for the management of patients with sepsis have recently been updated. Herein, we review the history of sepsis and related conditions definitions from the first consensus conference in(More)
Meningitis sustained by streptococci other than pneumoniae, infrequent in community medicine, is emerging as a hospital-acquired infection. We describe four cases of meningitis caused by streptococci other than pneumoniae in adults.