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The cyanobacterial toxin cylindrospermopsin is rapidly spreading in the European temperate Countries. Cylindrospermopsin was detected for the first time in Italy in 2004; in this study, the presence of this toxin in Albano Lake (Central Italy) has been correlated to the cyanobacterial species Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii and Aphanizomenon ovalisporum and(More)
Cell-based therapy is emerging as an innovative approach for the treatment of degenerative diseases, and stem cells appear to be an ideal source of cells for this. In cardiology, in particular, human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived cardiomyocytes theoretically fulfill most, if not all, of the properties of an ideal donor cell, but several critical(More)
The European Council Decision 2002/657/EC established that group B substances detected in foods must be identified and confirmed on the basis of their molecular structure. To this aim, we have developed a panel of methods for unambiguous determination of sixteen non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in cattle and buffalo raw milk. A multi-residue(More)
AIMS Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of chromatin remodelling via histone acetylation/deacetylation for the control of cardiac gene expression. Specific histone deacetylases (HDACs) can, in fact, play a positive or negative role in determining cardiac myocyte (CM) size. Here, we report on the effect on hypertrophy development of three(More)
Cyanobacteria, also called blue-green algae, occur worldwide within water blooms in eutrophic lakes and drinking water reservoirs, producing several biotoxins (cyanotoxins). Among these, microcystins (MCs) are a group of cyclic heptapeptides showing potent hepatotoxicity and activity as tumour promoters. So far, at least 89 MCs from different cyanobacteria(More)
The protective efficacy of xenogeneic vaccination with DNA encoding the HER2 oncogene was evaluated in BALB/c mice transgenic for the transforming form of the neu oncogene, which spontaneously develops carcinomas in all mammary glands. Intramuscular injection of either plasmid DNA followed by electrical stimulation (pVIJ-HER2 with ES) or an adenoviral(More)
Degeneration of cardiac tissues is considered a major cause of mortality in the western world and is expected to be a greater problem in the forthcoming decades. Cardiac damage is associated with dysfunction and irreversible loss of cardiomyocytes. Stem cell therapy for ischemic heart failure is very promising approach in cardiovascular medicine. Initial(More)
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a toxic alkaloid-like compound produced by some strains of cyanobacteria, procariotic organisms occurring in water blooms, observed worldwide in eutrophic lakes and drinking water reservoirs. Methods for determination of CYN in freshwater and fish muscle by liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ion trap mass spectrometry(More)
Employing the transgenic BALB-neuT mouse tumor model, we explored the in vivo biologic relevance of immunocompetent epitopes shared among the four ErbB receptors. The outcome of neu-mediated tumorigenesis was compared following vaccination with isogeneic normal rat ErbB2/Neu (LTR-Neu) or xenogeneic human ErbB receptors (LTR-EGFR, LTR-ErbB2, LTR-ErbB3 and(More)
Adenoviruses (Ads) are in the forefront of genetic immunization methods being developed against cancer. Their ability to elicit an effective immune response against tumor-associated antigens has been demonstrated in many model systems. Several clinical trials, which use Ad as vehicle for immunization, are already in progress. Preclinical studies have also(More)