Pasquale Ferrante

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BACKGROUND Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT MRI) has the potential to provide in vivo information about tissue microstructure. In multiple sclerosis (MS), DT MRI has disclosed the presence of occult structural damage in the normal-appearing brain tissues. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether DT MRI is sensitive to longitudinal changes of brain(More)
To provide insight into the dynamics and source of residual viremia in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients successfully treated with antiretroviral therapy, 14 intensely monitored patients treated with indinavir and efavirenz sustaining HIV RNA at <50 copies/ml for >5 years were studied. Abacavir was added to the regimen of eight patients at year 5.(More)
To investigate the signs of inflammatory processes in Alzheimer's disease (AD), we examined peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 51 AD patients (29 with mild and 22 with moderately severe dementia) and 51 age-matched healthy controls (HC), using flow cytometry to analyse the absolute number and the percentage of T, B and NK cells. We also studied(More)
Cell-mediated immunity and T-lymphocyte maturation are impaired in HIV-infected children. These abnormalities would be detected in HIV-uninfected offspring of HIV women (seroreverters [SR]) if HIV or its soluble proteins could cross the placental barrier. Immunophenotypic analyses were performed in 20 healthy HIV-uninfected newborns of HIV-infected mothers(More)
The ligation of programmed death-ligand 1 (B7-H1) to T cells results in the preferential production of interleukin 10 (IL-10). We investigated if B7-H1 would be up-regulated in HIV infection, a disease characterized by increased IL-10 production, by measuring B7-H1, B7-1 (CD80), and B7-2 (CD86) expression and mRNA in 36 HIV-infected patients and in 22(More)
SUMMARY We studied the distribution and localization of the human papova-viruses JCV and BKV in the central nervous system (CNS) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of HIV-positive patients with and without progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) as compared with HIV-seronegative patients. The presence of JCV-DNA and BKV-DNA was evaluated by nested(More)
Plasma-derived high density lipoproteins (HDL) were found to inhibit cytokine-induced expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules. Here we used apolipoprotein-specific reconstituted HDL (rHDL) made with phosphatidylcholine (PC) and three different apolipoproteins to identify the HDL components involved in this effect. rHDL containing apolipoprotein(More)
In order to characterize antigenic epitopes specifically targeted by the immune response of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), the antibody specificities of cerebrospinal fluids (CSF) and sera from the same MS patients have been analyzed using a random pentadecapeptide library displayed on phage. The 3 peptides (mimotopes) selected with MS sera were not(More)
Ag-stimulated IL-2 production and mitogen-stimulated type 1 and type 2 cytokine production by PBMC, as well as expression of Th1- and Th2-associated phenotypical markers, of B7-1, B7-2, and CD95 (Fas) on the surface of immune cells, and the serum concentration of soluble Apo-1/Fas were evaluated in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with either acute (AMS) or(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the presence of human polyomavirus JC virus genome and the expression of the viral oncoprotein T-antigen in neoplastic cells of a patient with MS and a glioblastoma multiforme. BACKGROUND The postmortem examination of an immunocompetent patient with a neurologic disorder revealed the concurrence of MS plaques in the white matter(More)