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RAR and AML1 transcription factors are found in leukemias as fusion proteins with PML and ETO, respectively. Association of PML-RAR and AML1-ETO with the nuclear corepressor (N-CoR)/histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex is required to block hematopoietic differentiation. We show that PML-RAR and AML1-ETO exist in vivo within high molecular weight (HMW) nuclear(More)
Sp3 is a member of the Sp family of transcription factors and binds to DNA with affinity and specificity comparable to that of Sp1. We demonstrate that Sp3 is a bifunctional transcription factor that can both activate and repress transcription. Gene fusion experiments in mammalian cells demonstrate that the Sp3 activation potential is distributed over an(More)
Sp1 is one of the very first cellular transcription factors to be identified and cloned in virtue of its binding to a G-rich motif in the SV40 early promoter. Sp1 protein binds to the G-rich sequences present in a variety of cellular and viral promoters and stimulates their transcriptional activity. Recently, a number of other GC and/or GT box-binding(More)
While much experimental data shows that vaccination efficiently inhibits a subsequent challenge by a transplantable tumor, its ability to inhibit the progress of autochthonous preneoplastic lesions is virtually unknown. In this article, we show that a combined DNA and cell vaccine persistently inhibits such lesions in a murine HER-2/neu mammary(More)
Loss of PTEN is the earliest detectable genetic lesion in the endometrioid subtype of endometrial cancer (EEC), a tumor thought to be associated with an increase in unopposed estrogen activity. Pten(+/-) mice develop endometrial neoplastic lesions with full penetrance, despite having normal estrogen levels. We have utilized oligonucleotide arrays to(More)
Mammalian homologues of Drosophila Seven in Absentia (SIAHs) target for proteasome-mediated degradation several factors involved in cell growth and tumorigenesis. Here we show that SIAH-1/2 binds and targets for proteasome-mediated degradation the putative tumor suppressor and tripartite motif (TRIM) family member PML, leading to the loss of its(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) focuses at the cell surface the activation of pro-uPA and, hence, the formation of plasmin, thus enhancing directional extracellular proteolysis. To characterize the transcriptional regulatory mechanisms that control receptor expression, we have cloned an uPAR DNA segment containing upstream(More)
An increasing body of evidence suggests that eukaryotic activators stimulate polymerase II transcription by facilitating the assembly of the functional basal machinery at the promoter. Here we describe experiments that provide added support for the idea that recruitment of TATA-binding protein (TBP) is a rate-limiting step for transcription activation in(More)
We report the structural and functional characterization of the HF.10 zinc finger gene (ZNF35) in normal human cells, as well as a processed pseudogene. The HF.10 gene spans about 13 kb and it is interrupted by three introns. All 11 zinc finger DNA-binding domains are contiguously encoded within the last 3' exon. The genomic region surrounding HF.10 exon 1(More)
Regulated intramembrane proteolysis of the β-amyloid precursor protein by the γ-secretase yields two peptides. One, amyloid-β, is the major component of the amyloid plaques found in Alzheimer's disease patients. The other, APP IntraCellular Domain, has been involved in regulation of apoptosis, calcium flux and gene transcription. To date, a few potential(More)