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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether new onset acute atrial fibrillation (AF) of < 48 hours' duration creates a prothrombotic state in the absence of anticoagulation and to assess the evolution in research indices after spontaneous or pharmacological cardioversion. METHODS 24 patients were recruited with first onset acute non-rheumatic AF, in whom sinus(More)
Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is an autoimmune disease caused by an autoantibody to factor VIII. Patients are at risk of severe and fatal hemorrhage until the inhibitor is eradicated, and guidelines recommend immunosuppression as soon as the diagnosis has been made. The optimal immunosuppressive regimen is unclear; therefore, data from 331 patients entered(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Decreased matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and increased levels of its inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), reflect impaired matrix degradation with an increase in fibrosis. A prothrombotic state has been described in atrial fibrillation (AF), increasing the risk of stroke and thromboembolism. Because(More)
BACKGROUND A prothrombotic or hypercoagulable state has been described in AF, which could increase the risk of thromboembolism. As inflammation has been related to thrombogenesis and endothelial activation, we hypothesised that the prothrombotic state in AF (as assessed by an index of thrombogenesis, prothrombin fragment 1+2 [F1+2]) and endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND There is a high incidence of systemic embolism in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. A hypercoagulable state has been demonstrated, but the fibrinolytic system is rarely studied. METHODS Plasma levels of modified antithrombin III (ATM), tissue plasminogen activator (TPA), its inhibitor (PAI-1), TPA-PAI-1 complexes and(More)
Patients with mitral stenosis in sinus rhythm are in a prothrombotic state and have fibrinolytic dysfunction, shown by an increase in levels of the inhibitor of tissue plasminogen activator, D-dimer, and modified antithrombin III. This state may be observed even in patients without dilated left atria (diameter < or =45 mm).
BACKGROUND Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare autoimmune disease caused by autoantibodies against coagulation factor VIII and characterized by spontaneous hemorrhage in patients with no previous family or personal history of bleeding. Although data on several AHA cohorts have been collected, limited information is available on the optimal management of(More)
Acquired hemophilia A is a rare bleeding disorder caused by autoantibodies to coagulation FVIII. Bleeding episodes at presentation are spontaneous and severe in most cases. Optimal hemostatic therapy is controversial, and available data are from observational and retrospective studies only. The EACH2 registry, a multicenter, pan-European, Web-based(More)
Annexin V has phospholipid-binding capacity and plays a potent antithrombotic role. Recently, a C to T transition has been described in the Kozak region of this gene, affecting the nucleotide preceding the initiation ATG codon. We have developed a simple method to detect this genetic change, showing by analysis of 580 Mediterranean white subjects that the(More)
BACKGROUND Intravascular thrombogenesis is influenced by a complex interplay of procoagulant, anticoagulant, fibrinolytic, endothelial damage/dysfunction and inflammatory factors. We hypothesised that abnormalities of these biological systems would contribute to coronary artery disease presenting at a young age. METHODS We performed a case-control study(More)