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The generation of mice lacking specific components of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signal tranduction pathway shows that TGF-beta is a key player in the development and physiology of the cardiovascular system. Both pro- and anti-angiogenic properties have been ascribed to TGF-beta, for which the molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here we(More)
X-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA) is a human immunodeficiency caused by failure of pre-B cells in the bone marrow to develop into circulating mature B cells. A novel gene has been isolated which maps to the XLA locus, is expressed in B cells, and shows mutations in families with the disorder. The gene is a member of the src family of proto-oncogenes which(More)
Only mature B lymphocytes can enter the lymphoid follicles of spleen and lymph nodes and thus efficiently participate in the immune response. Mature, long-lived B lymphocytes derive from short-lived precursors generated in the bone marrow. We show that selection into the mature pool is an active process and takes place in the spleen. Two populations of(More)
Activation of protein kinase C results in phosphorylation of a 19-kDa protein termed 19K. Isolation and sequence analysis of a cDNA encoding the 19K protein revealed that this protein has been studied in other systems under different names. The name oncoprotein 18 (Op18) has been proposed on the basis of a postulated up-regulation in neoplastic cells. In(More)
Mice that bear the X-linked immunodeficiency (xid) mutation have a B lymphocyte-specific defect resulting in an inability to make antibody responses to polysaccharide antigens. A backcross of 1114 progeny revealed the colocalization of xid with Bruton's agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase (btk) gene, which is implicated in the human immune deficiency,(More)
BACKGROUND Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are multifunctional proteins that regulate the proliferation, differentiation, and migration of a large variety of cell types. Like other members of the transforming growth factor-beta family, BMPs elicit their cellular effects through activating specific combinations of type I and type II serine/threonine(More)
Changes in the levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta cytokines or receptors observed during the progression of several inflammatory and fibrotic disorders have been used to implicate these cytokines in the pathophysiology of these diseases. Although correlative, these studies were inconclusive because they were unable to demonstrate actual(More)
RATIONALE Activin-A is up-regulated in various respiratory disorders. However, its precise role in pulmonary pathophysiology has not been adequately substantiated in vivo. OBJECTIVES To investigate in vivo the consequences of dysregulated Activin-A expression in the lung and identify key Activin-A-induced processes that contribute to respiratory(More)
X-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA) is an inherited immunodeficiency resulting from mutations in the gene for a cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinase (Btk). We have utilised reverse-transcription-based PCR in combination with the chemical cleavage and mismatch technique (CCM) to screen for Btk mutations in 42 unrelated patients having classical XLA or 'leaky'(More)