Paschalina K Kontou

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Increased pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) usually coexists with impaired lung function in IPF. Data on the effect of pulmonary hypertension (PH) on cardiopulmonary responses during exercise in IPF patients is very limited. We sought to investigate the impact of PH on exercise capacity and the correlation between systolic PAP(More)
BACKGROUND Severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is usually defined as pneumonia that requires intensive care unit (ICU) admission; the primary pathogen responsible for ICU admission is Streptococcus pneumoniae. In this study, the 2007 Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society (IDSA/ATS) consensus criteria for ICU admission were(More)
The COPD assessment test (CAT) is a short questionnaire designed to assess the impairment in health status of COPD patients. We aimed to determine the change of the CAT in COPD patients after 1 year of treatment and test the association between the score and clinical and lung function variables. Methods A cohort of 111 newly diagnosed COPD patients in(More)
We evaluated the pharmacokinetic profile of ciprofloxacin and its penetration into bronchial secretions of critically ill patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Twenty-five mechanically ventilated patients with severe COPD who were suffering from an acute, infectious exacerbation were included in this prospective, open-label study. All(More)
We report three cases of mechanically ventilated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients who were intubated due to an exacerbation of their disease and who presented with repeated spontaneous breathing trial failures. Patients were given 50 mg of sildenafil through the nasogastric tube, under close monitoring of haemodynamic and ventilatory(More)
AIM To identify the predictors of six-month continuous abstinence among Greek smokers treated in a Smoking Cessation Clinic, emphasising the role of sleep disturbance on the outcome. METHODS A nested case-control design was used. Patients who attended the Smoking Cessation Clinic between November 2004 and October 2005, and who completed six months of(More)
This study evaluated the pharmacokinetics of intravenous moxifloxacin 400 mg once and levofloxacin 500 mg twice daily in patients with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and assessed their pharmacodynamic adequacy against common respiratory pathogens. Eighteen patients with LRTIs hospitalised in general wards were included. Serial blood samples were(More)
SETTING Rifampicin (RMP) has been reported to reduce moxifloxacin (MFX) levels, which may interfere with the effectiveness of MFX in treating tuberculosis (TB). OBJECTIVE To study the MFX-RMP interaction in patients receiving MFX with or without RMP as part of their anti-tuberculosis treatment regimen. DESIGN Patients with pulmonary TB followed up by(More)
Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Misdiagnosis of the disease is common since PVOD presents with clinical and radiographic features mimicking idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension or even PH due to interstitial lung disease. Vasodilators may not be efficacious in PVOD and may in fact worsen(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the hypothesis that an algorithm based on serial measurements of procalcitonin (PCT) allows reduction in the duration of antibiotic therapy compared with empirical rules, and does not result in more adverse outcomes in burn patients with infectious complications. All burn patients requiring antibiotic therapy based(More)