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The morphogenesis of developing embryos and organs relies on the ability of cells to remodel their contacts with neighbouring cells. Using quantitative modelling and laser nano-dissection, we probed the mechanics of a morphogenetic process, the elongation of Drosophila melanogaster embryos, which results from polarized cell neighbour exchanges. We show that(More)
Knowledge of the blood volume per unit volume of brain tissue is important for understanding brain function in health and disease. We describe a direct method using two-photon laser scanning microscopy to obtain in vivo the local capillary blood volume in the cortex of anesthetized mouse. We infused fluorescent dyes in the circulating blood and imaged the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the early effects of microbeam irradiation on the vascular permeability and volume in the parietal cortex of normal nude mice using two-photon microscopy and immunohistochemistry. METHODS AND MATERIALS The upper part of the left hemisphere of 55 mice was irradiated anteroposteriorly using 18 vertically(More)
Staining and imaging glial cells in vivo while observing the microvasculature could help understand brain physiology, namely neuronal-glial-vascular communication. Two-photon excitation microscopy provides a means to monitor these interactions at the cellular level in living animals, but the cells of interest must be fluorescent. Injecting dyes(More)
Brain pathologies, including stroke and tumors, are associated with a variable degree of breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which can usefully be studied in animal models. We describe a new optical technique for quantifying extravasation in the cortex of the living mouse and for imaging intraparenchymal tissue. Leakiness of the BBB was induced by(More)
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