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Human erythrocyte p55 is a peripheral membrane protein that contains three distinct domains in its primary structure: an N-terminal domain, an SH3 motif, and a C-terminal guanylate kinase domain. We used naturally mutated red blood cells (RBCs) with primary genetic defects resulting in the absence of protein 4.1 (4.1[-] hereditary elliptocytosis) or(More)
This study describes the physical and functional interactions between ICP0 of herpes simplex virus type 1 and class II histone deacetylases (HDACs) 4, 5, and 7. Class II HDACs are mainly known for their participation in the control of cell differentiation through the regulation of the activity of the transcription factor MEF2 (myocyte enhancer factor 2),(More)
Absence of band 3, associated with the mutation Coimbra (V488M) in the homozygous state, caused severe hereditary spherocytosis in a young child. Although prenatal testing was made available to the parents, it was declined. Because the fetus stopped moving near term, an emergency cesarean section was performed and a severely anemic, hydropic female baby was(More)
We present two novel alleles of the anion-exchanger 1 (AE1) gene, allele Coimbra and allele Mondego. Allele Coimbra (V488M, GTG --> ATG) affects a conserved position in the putative second ectoplasmic loop of erythrocyte band 3. In 15 simple heterozygotes, it yielded a mild form of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) with band 3 deficiency (-20% +/- 2%) and a(More)
We studied 20 individuals from 17 unrelated families with congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (type II; CDAII). The clinical phenotype was mild to moderate. The inheritance pattern was invariably recessive. Coomassie blue stained gels after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) show that band 3 was thinner and migrated(More)
We studied a 26-year-old Portuguese patient with recessively transmitted hereditary hemolytic anemia. Protein 4.2 was absent from red cell ghosts by Western blotting. Although the 4.2 mRNA was not detected in Northern blots, it was shown to be present by a procedure based on nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Partial nucleotide(More)
We describe an 18-year-old with moderate hereditary spherocytosis. The condition was associated with a 35% decrease in band 3. The underlying mutation was Arg to stop at codon 150 (CGA-->TGA) and was designated R150X, which defined allele Lyon of the EPB3 gene. The inheritance pattern was dominant. However, the mother, who also carried the allele Lyon, had(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a muscular disease characterized by the death of motoneurons, and is a major genetic cause of infant mortality. Mutations in the SMN1 gene, which encodes the protein survival motor neuron (SMN), are responsible for the disease. SMN belongs to the Tudor domain protein family, whose members are known to interact with(More)
Interphase centromeres are crucial domains for the proper assembly of kinetochores at the onset of mitosis. However, it is not known whether the centromere structure is under tight control during interphase. This study uses the peculiar property of the infected cell protein 0 of herpes simplex virus type 1 to induce centromeric structural damage, revealing(More)
Spectrin Oran (alpha II/21) has been reported previously as a variant of the alpha II domain. Its expression level is low (10% of total spectrin) in heterozygotes denoting a major disadvantage of the mutated alpha-chain dimer or tetramer with respect to their normal counterparts. Spectrin Oran is associated with symptomatic elliptocytosis in the homozygous(More)