Pascale Senellart

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A source of triggered entangled photon pairs is a key component in quantum information science; it is needed to implement functions such as linear quantum computation, entanglement swapping and quantum teleportation. Generation of polarization entangled photon pairs can be obtained through parametric conversion in nonlinear optical media or by making use of(More)
The scalability of a quantum network based on semiconductor quantum dots lies in the possibility of having an electrical control of the quantum dot state as well as controlling its spontaneous emission. The technological challenge is then to define electrical contacts on photonic microstructures optimally coupled to a single quantum emitter. Here we present(More)
Entangling a single spin to the polarization of a single incoming photon, generated by an external source, would open new paradigms in quantum optics such as delayed-photon entanglement, deterministic logic gates or fault-tolerant quantum computing. These perspectives rely on the possibility that a single spin induces a macroscopic rotation of a photon(More)
Manipulation of nonlinear waves in artificial periodic structures leads to spectacular spatial features, such as generation of gap solitons or onset of the Mott insulator phase transition. Cavity exciton-polaritons are strongly interacting quasiparticles offering large possibilities for potential optical technologies. Here we report their condensation in a(More)
In a quantum network based on atoms and photons, a single atom should control the photon state and, reciprocally, a single photon should allow the coherent manipulation of the atom. Both operations require controlling the atom environment and developing efficient atom-photon interfaces, for instance by coupling the natural or artificial atom to cavities. So(More)
Optical Tamm plasmon states are electromagnetic modes confined at the interface between a Bragg mirror and a metallic film. These states offer coupling to photonic states in a relatively narrow solid angle in both TM and TE polarizations, and quality factors of a few hundreds to thousands in the visible and near infrared domain with limited fabrication(More)
Plasmonic Tamm states are interface modes formed at the boundary between a photonic structure and a metallic layer. These modes present both the advantages of surface plasmons and of microcavities photonic modes. Tamm plasmons can be spatially confined by structuring the metallic part of the system, thus reducing the size of the mode and allowing various(More)
The thesis focuses on quantum optical effects in semiconducting artificial atoms. We first investigate theoretically a single emitter coupled to a one-dimensional waveguide. This system allows for light propagation while preserving sensitivity at the single-photon level, which has motivated proposals for quantum gates and single-photon transistors. A scheme(More)