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Using a solution-phase parallel synthesis strategy, a series of non-peptide somatostatin analogues were prepared, and their binding affinities to the five human somatostatin receptor subtypes (sst(1-5)) were determined. Imidazolyl derivatives 2 were found to bind with moderate affinity but with high selectivity to the sst(3) receptor subtype. Further(More)
The two endothelin (ET) receptor subtypes (ETA and ETB) have been characterized in rat kidney from normal rats and rats with acute renal failure induced by hypertonic glycerol administration. In control rats, the total number of ET receptors in kidney cortex and medulla was 155 and 386 fmol/mg of protein, respectively. The ratio of ETA to ETB receptors was(More)
Melanocortin receptor agonists act in the brain to regulate food intake and body weight and, independently of these actions, affect insulin sensitivity. These experiments investigated the function of novel non-selective melanocortin receptor agonists (BIM-22493, BIM-22511) that cross the blood-brain barrier when administered peripherally. Treatment of diet(More)
BACKGROUND Tasquinimod (a quinoline-3-carboxyamide) is a small molecule immunotherapy with demonstrated effects on the tumor microenvironment (TME) involving immunomodulation, anti-angiogenesis and inhibition of metastasis. A target molecule of tasquinimod is the inflammatory protein S100A9 which has been shown to affect the accumulation and function of(More)
The existence of distinct endothelin (ET) receptor subtypes has been reported in several tissues. In the present study, we investigated the binding characteristics of the three endothelin isoforms to cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells. [125I]ET-1, [125I]ET-2, and [125I]ET-3 bound to an apparent single class of binding sites with apparent dissociation(More)
To investigate the physiological role of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in patients with hypoxic pulmonary hypertension secondary to chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), we infused synthetic alpha-human ANF in seven such patients, and investigated the physiological correlates to circulating peptide levels in 24 patients with COLD. ANF infusion, at(More)
Endothelin-1 (Et1), like angiotensin II, is implicated in postnatal maturation and development. The present study was designed to identify Et1 receptors and subtype Et1 receptors present in rat kidney between 1 and 30 days of postnatal life. On day 1, high-affinity and high-density Et1 binding sites were identified in rat kidney. The dissociation constant(More)
[125I]ET-1 binding to vascular smooth muscle cells showed an apparent single class of high affinity recognition sites with a Kd of 2.12 +/- 0.46 nM and a Bmax of 81.2 +/- 5.2 fmol/10(6) cells. The specific binding was equally and totally displaced by ET-1 and ET-2 whereas ET-3 presented a different pattern. We investigated heterologous regulation of ET-1(More)
The relationship between the binding of 125I-labeled rat ANF and the responsiveness in cGMP production of ANF receptors were examined in cultured rat thoracic smooth muscle cells after preexposure with the peptide. Binding assay of 125I-labeled ANF showed a specific, reversible and saturable binding with a KD value of 3.1 +/- 0.3 10(-10) M and a maximum(More)
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is actively involved in the control of blood pressure and fluid homeostasis as a physiological antagonist of the renin-angiotensin system. To evaluate a possible interaction between ANF and angiotensin II (Ang-II) receptors, we investigated the effect of long term pretreatment (18 h) of rat cultured vascular smooth muscle(More)