Pascale Marin

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In order to understand how plasticity is related to neurodegeneration, we studied synaptic proteins with quantitative immunohistochemistry in the entorhinal cortex from Alzheimer patients and age-matched controls. We observed a significant decrease in presynaptic synaptophysin and an increase in postsynaptic density protein PSD-95, positively correlated(More)
The generation of reactive oxygen species has been implicated in the neurotoxicity of amyloid beta-peptide, the main constituent of the senile plaques that accumulates in the brain of Alzheimer's disease victims. In this study, we have compared the toxicity of amyloid beta-peptide on cultured cortical neurons from control mice and transgenic mice expressing(More)
LMO4 is a transcription regulator interacting with proteins involved, among else, in tumorigenesis. Its function in the nervous system, and particularly in the adult nervous system, has however still to be elucidated. We decided to modify its expression in a neuronal model, human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, by permanent transfection of sense or anti-sense(More)
Superficial layers I to III of the human cerebral cortex are more vulnerable toward Aβ peptides than deep layers V to VI in aging. Three models of layers were used to investigate this pattern of frailty. First, primary neurons from E14 and E17 embryonic murine cortices, corresponding respectively to future deep and superficial layers, were treated either(More)
The amyloid-β peptide or Aβ is the key player in the amyloid-cascade hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease. Aβ appears to trigger cell death but also production of double-strand breaks (DSBs) in aging and Alzheimer's disease. All-trans retinoic acid (RA), a derivative of vitamin A, was already known for its neuroprotective effects against the amyloid cascade.(More)
Patients with the early-onset Alzheimer's disease P117L mutation in the presenilin-1 gene (PS-1) present pathological hallmarks in the hippocampus, the frontal cortex and the basal ganglia. In the present work we determined by immunohistochemistry which brain regions were injured in the transgenic PS-1 P117L mice, in comparison to their littermates, the(More)
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