Pascale M Chavatte-Palmer

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Nuclear transfer from somatic cells still has limited efficiency in terms of live calves born due to high fetal loss after transfer. In this study, we addressed the type of donor cells used for cloning in in vivo development. We used a combination of repeated ultrasonography and maternal pregnancy serum protein (PSP60) assays to monitor the evolution of(More)
Somatic nuclear transfer (NT) in cattle is often complicated by fetal oversize (i.e., large offspring syndrome), hydrallantois, and placentomegaly in late gestation. The aims of this work were to obtain data on the placentome structure in NT-recipient cows with hydrallantois (NTH) and to relate these with fetal and placental weights to better understand the(More)
Although healthy animals are born after nuclear transfer with somatic cells nuclei, the success of this procedure is generally poor (2%-10%) with high perinatal losses. Apparently normal surviving animals may have undiagnosed pathologies that could develop later in life. The gross pathology of 16 abnormal bovine fetuses produced by nuclear transfer (NT) and(More)
Cattle are the species used most frequently for the development of assisted reproductive technologies, such as nuclear transfer. Cattle cloning can be performed by a large number of laboratories around the world, and the efficiency of nuclear transfer in cattle is the highest among all species in which successful cloning has been achieved. However, an(More)
This paper aimed to clarify whether maternal inhalation of engineered nanoparticles (NP) may constitute a hazard to pregnancy and fetal development, primarily based on experimental animal studies of NP and air pollution particles. Overall, it is plausible that NP may translocate from the respiratory tract to the placenta and fetus, but also that adverse(More)
Transcription profiling of placentomes derived from somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT, n = 20), in vitro fertilization (IVF, n = 9), and artificial insemination (AI, n = 9) at or near term development was performed to better understand why SCNT and IVF often result in placental defects, hydrops, and large offspring syndrome (LOS). Multivariate analysis of(More)
Maternal hypercholesterolemia has been shown to lead to fetal intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) in rabbits. The effects of a long term maternal hyperlipidemic and hypercholesterolemic diet on embryo, fetal and post-natal development, have not been addressed so far. Rabbit does were fed either a hypercholesterolemic (0.2%) hyperlipidic (8%) (HH) or a(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) may be accompanied by inadequate thermoregulation, especially in piglets that are not considered to possess any brown adipose tissue (BAT) and are thus entirely dependent on shivering thermogenesis in order to maintain body temperature after birth. Leptin can stimulate heat production by promoting non-shivering(More)
The procedure of somatic cloning is associated with important losses during pregnancy and in the perinatal period, reducing the overall efficacy to less than 5% in most cases. A mean of 30% of the cloned calves die before reaching 6 months of age with a wide range of pathologies, including, for the most common, respiratory failure, abnormal kidney(More)
Cloning of mammals by nuclear transfer can lead to the birth of healthy adult animals but more often compromises the development of the reconstructed embryos. A high incidence of fetal and postnatal losses has been observed in several species, revealing the existence of long-lasting effects induced by the nuclear transfer procedures. Remodeling of donor(More)