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Amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) is a major constituent of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neurotoxicity results from the conformational transition of Abeta from random-coil to beta-sheet and its oligomerization. Among a series of ionic compounds able to interact with soluble Abeta, Tramiprosate (3-amino-1-propanesulfonic acid; 3APS; Alzhemedtrade(More)
The neurotensin (NT) receptor, NTS3, originally identified as the intracellular sorting protein sortilin, is a member of a recently discovered family of receptors characterized by a single transmembrane domain. The present study provides the first comprehensive description of the distribution of NTS3/sortilin mRNA and protein in adult rat brain using in(More)
Impairments in cholinergic neurotransmitter systems of the basal forebrain are a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease pathophysiology. The presence of the epsilon4 allele of apolipoprotein E was recently implicated as a major risk factor in both familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease. The present study examined the integrity of cholinergic and non-cholinergic(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by a progressive cognitive decline leading to dementia and involves the deposition of amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides into senile plaques. Other neuropathological features that accompany progression of the disease include a decrease in synaptic density, neurofibrillary tangles, dystrophic neurites, inflammation, and(More)
In the present study, modulation of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA) receptors by phosphatidylserine (PS) and synaptic plasticity were investigated in the hippocampus of young (4-month-old) and aged (18-month-old) apolipoprotein E (apoE)-deficient mice. Qualitative as well as quantitative analysis of brain sections in both young(More)
The importance of apolipoproteins in the central nervous system became increasingly clear with the association in 1993 of the epsilon4 allele of apolipoprotein E with familial and sporadic late-onset Alzheimer's disease. Apolipoprotein E is a ligand for several receptors, most of which are found to some extent in the brain. This review summarizes the(More)
Alterations in hippocampal circuitry may underly age-related learning and memory impairment. We showed in a previous study that the GABAB-mediated slow inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) induced in CA1 pyramidal neurons by electrical stimulation of stratum radiatum, is depressed in the hippocampus of the aged rat. This could be due to alterations in(More)
The calcium binding protein parvalbumin is present in GABAergic neurons of the medial septum-diagonal band of Broca (MS-DBB) region that project to the hippocampal formation. We examined the distribution pattern, the number, and the morphological features of the parvalbumin-containing cells (parv+) in the MS-DBB region of 2- to 3-, 8- to 9-, 15- to 16-, and(More)
The anatomy of pathways containing the calcium binding protein calretinin was investigated in the forebrain of the rat, using a combination of immunohistochemical and retrograde tract tracing techniques. Numerous well identified pathways do contain calretinin, whereas others do not. Pathways arising from the substantia nigra/ventral tegmental area, the(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is a lipid transport molecule, which has been linked to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Recently we have demonstrated that the oxidative insults in hippocampus from AD patients were dependent on the apoE genotype. Interestingly, apoE protein concentration in hippocampus follows a genotype-dependent gradient with the lowest(More)