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To determine the best procedure for reading maximal expiratory flow-volume curves 2 sets of 5 curves were obtained one hour apart in 89 subjects and processed digitally according to 8 different methods. Four indices were considered: the forced expiratory flows at 25, 50, and 75 per cent of the forced vital capacity, and the maximal mid-expiratory flow. When(More)
Respiratory flow is commonly obtained by measuring the pressure difference across a pneumotachograph. When respiratory input impedance is studied, that pressure difference may be very small with respect to the absolute pressure swings inside the pneumotachograph. Then the in-phase rejection of the differential pressure transducer is expected to markedly(More)
Respiratory input impedance (Zrs) measured by forced oscillations needs to be corrected for the motion of extrathoracic airway walls. Two methods of obtaining the impedance of this shunt pathway [upper airway impedance (Zuaw)] were compared in six normal subjects. In the first, flow was measured at the airway opening during Valsalva maneuvers, as described(More)
Forced expiratory manoeuvres are extensively recorded using flow meters coupled to pressure transducers, which usually behave like second-order filters. To assess what should be the dynamic characteristics of such equipment for accurate determination of common forced expiration indices, 125 curves were obtained from 25 healthy subjects in the best technical(More)
A model was developed to interpret the difference between volume variations at the mouth and at the chest observed by body plethysmography during inspiration in normal subjects breathing ambient air. The mechanical phenomena were characterized, as usual, by a time constant alpha, the product of airway resistance and alveolar gas compressibility. In contrast(More)
We have studied the fragmentation of water vapour molecules induced by collision with a Xe44+ beam at 6.7 MeV/u. From the measurement of the fragment time of flight, we show that the amount of fragmentation due to multiple ionization is very large. In the case of single ionization, we are able to reproduce accurately the experimental cross sections by(More)
SPIRAL2 is the new project under construction at GANIL to produce radioactive ion beams and in particular neutron rich ion beams. For the past 10 yr SPIRAL1 at GANIL has been delivering accelerated radioactive ion beams of gases. Both facilities now need to extend the range of radioactive ion beams produced to condensable elements. For that purpose, a(More)