Pascale Duché

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Children are able to resist fatigue better than adults during one or several repeated high-intensity exercise bouts. This finding has been reported by measuring mechanical force or power output profiles during sustained isometric maximal contractions or repeated bouts of high-intensity dynamic exercises. The ability of children to better maintain(More)
Few studies have investigated the impact of school-based physical activity interventions on anthropometric characteristics concomitantly with aerobic and anaerobic capacities in young children. The present study aimed to assess the effect of a 6-month physical activity program on body composition and physical fitness among primary schoolchildren. Four(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the acid-base balance during repeated cycling sprints in children and adults. Eleven boys (9.6 +/- 0.7 yr) and ten men (20.4 +/- 0.8 yr) performed ten 10-s sprints on a cycle ergometer separated by 30-s passive recovery intervals. To measure the time course of lactate ([La]), hydrogen ions ([H(+)]), bicarbonate ions(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is increasing worldwide, reaching alarming proportions. Eating habits have changed over time and nowadays children and adolescents' environment favours the adoption of unhealthy eating behaviours leading to metabolic impairment. OBJECTIVE To explore the impact of eating risk factors and their cumulative effect on anthropometric(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between cycling peak power (CPP; flywheel inertia included) and the applied braking force (F(B)) on a friction-loaded cycle ergometer in male children, adolescents, and adults. A total of 520 male subjects aged 8-20 yr performed three brief maximal sprints against three F(B): 0.245, 0.491, and(More)
BACKGROUND In adult population, stretch-shortening cycle exercise (plyometric exercise) is often used to improve leg muscle power and vertical jump performance. In children, limited information regarding this type of exercise is available. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of plyometric training and maintenance training on physical(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of age and recovery duration on the time course of cycling peak power and blood lactate concentration ([La]) during repeated bouts of short-term high-intensity exercise. Eleven prepubescent boys (9.6 +/- 0.7 yr), nine pubescent boys (15.0 +/- 0.7 yr) and ten men (20.4 +/- 0.8 yr) performed ten(More)
In order to assess the effect of recovery on power and blood lactate, 10 males performed 10 sets (S1 to S10) of 6 repetitions of bench press at 70% of their maximal strength, with 1 (Prot1), 3 (Prot3) or 5 (Prot5) min rest between sets. From the measurements of force and displacement of the bar, mean power during each repetition (MPR) and set (MPS), were(More)
CONTEXT Obesity-related insulin resistance of glucose and lipid metabolism may also affect protein kinetics, notably at the muscle level. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that muscle protein response to insulin and amino acid is blunted during obesity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Total (Tot) and mitochondrial (Mit) muscle proteins fractional synthesis rates(More)
OBJECTIVE While indexes have been proposed to estimate total and abdominal adiposity in adults, the assessment of adiposity among obese adolescents remains difficult in clinical setting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical applicability of total and visceral and fat mass indexes in obese adolescents. METHODS One hundred and thirty, 12-16(More)