Pascale Delecluse

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The seasonal cycle over the tropical Pacific simulated by eleven coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation models (GCMs) is examined. Each model consists of a high resolution ocean GCM of either the tropical Pacific or near-global oceans, coupled to a moderate or high resolution atmospheric GCM, without the use of flux correction. The seasonal behavior(More)
An ensemble of twenty four coupled ocean-atmosphere models has been compared with respect to their performance in the tropical Paci®c. The coupled models span a large portion of the parameter space and di€er in many respects. The intercomparison includes TOGA (Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere)-type models consisting of high-resolution tropical ocean models(More)
The question of whether and how tropical Indian Ocean dipole or zonal mode (IOZM) interannual variability is independent of El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) variability in the Pacific is addressed in a comparison of twin 200-yr runs of a coupled climate model. The first is a reference simulation, and the second has ENSO-scale variability suppressed with(More)
The mechanisms leading to El Niño onset and termination in the ECHAM4/OPA coupled GCM are assessed and compared to observations and existing ENSO paradigms. At the equator as well as off equator, the patterns and timing of modeled El Niño composites are in good agreement with those observed. Heat content of the west Pacific is confirmed as a precursor to(More)
In a previous study, the effect of the March 1997 Westerly Wind Event (WWE) on the evolution of the tropical Pacific Ocean was studied using an ocean general circulation model (GCM). The response was characterized by (i) a cooling of the far western Pacific (ϳ0.8ЊC), (ii) a rapid eastward displacement of the warm pool (2000 km in a month), and (iii) a weak(More)
Two ten-members ensemble experiments using a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model are performed to study the dynamical response to a strong westerly wind event (WWE) when the tropical Pacific has initial conditions favourable to the development of a warm event. In the reference ensemble (CREF), no wind perturbation is introduced, whereas a(More)
[1] In the present study, we use a coupled model to evaluate the effect of shallow salinity stratification on the sea surface temperature (SST) and on the monsoon onset in the southeastern Arabian Sea (SEAS). A 100-year control experiment shows that the coupled model reproduces the main climatic features in this region in terms of SST, precipitation and(More)
The effect of atmospheric horizontal resolution on tropical variability is investigated within the modified Scale Interaction Experiment (SINTEX) coupled model, SINTEX-Frontier (SINTEX-F), developed jointly at Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), L'Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace (IPSL), and the Frontier Research System. The ocean resolution(More)
—Uncertainties in the surface wind field have long been recognized as a major limitation in the interpretation of results obtained by oceanic circulation models. It is especially true in the tropical oceans, where the response to wind forcing is very strong on short time scales. The purpose of this paper is to show that these uncertainties can be greatly(More)