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INTRODUCTION Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (characterized by a morphological deformation of the trunk) prompts the development of new postural control strategies. This adaptation has an influence on the dynamics of motor behaviour. The present study analysed ground reaction forces during lateral stepping in order to highlight the dynamic consequences of(More)
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is characterized by morphological trunk modifications acting on body mass distribution. Some specific biomechanical strategies during postural regulation have been reported. Given that spinal deformity is three-dimensional, some strategy analysis resulting from different stepping directions should lead to a better(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to determine the effect of body somatotype on standing balance in girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who are under observation but not wearing a body brace. DESIGN In all, 74 girls participated in this study to form the able-bodied (n = 36) and the AIS (n = 38) groups, having an average age of 13(More)
BACKGROUND The dynamics behavior of patients with idiopathic scoliosis obviously requires some biomechanical compensatory strategies. Our objective is to analyze the ground reaction forces (GRF) exerted during gait initiation in order to determine the dynamic consequences of idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS Ten adolescent girls suffering from idiopathic(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the severity of the spinal curve on the postural regulation when self-imposed disturbances occur in a seated position in anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) orientations. Twelve female adolescents with a right thoracic scoliosis (Cobb = 30.4° ± 9.7) were included in this study. The ground(More)
The present study utilized high-impact supra-maximal landings to examine the influence of the pre-impact force level on the post-impact electromyographic (EMG) activity and, in particular, on the short latency EMG reflex (SLR) component. Unilateral-leg landings were performed in a sitting position on a sledge apparatus after release from high, but(More)
We studied muscle fatigue in 19 paraplegic patients during an isometric sustained contraction. Both quadriceps (n = 38) were maximally stimulated for 126 s. We defined a nonlinear equation with four coefficients to fit the data and extract fatigue indices carrying information on the amount (asymptotic values, torque coordinate at the inflection point, total(More)
The idiopathic scoliosis is characterized by a three-dimensional spinal deformity involving new dynamical strategies to regulate the posture. The aim is to analyze the centre of pressure (CP) behaviour in forward stepping (FS) and lateral stepping (LS) to determine the dynamical consequences of scoliosis. Ten adolescents suffering from right thoracic(More)
BACKGROUND Since trunk morphology and curve types were reported to affect standing in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), it is reasonable to assume that bracing could perturb standing balance in this population. The objective here was to use time- and frequency-domain analyses to test if the Boston brace affects balance in AIS. MATERIAL/METHODS(More)
In running, body weight reduction is reported to result in decreased lower limb muscle activity with no change in the global activation pattern (Liebenberg et al. in J Sports Sci 29:207–214). Our study examined the acute effects on running mechanics and lower limb muscle activity of short-term unweighing and reloading conditions while running on a treadmill(More)