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Studies of heart rate variability (HRV) have so far produced contradictory evidence to support the common belief that endurance training enhances cardiac parasympathetic tone. This may be related to the fact that most studies failed to specifically isolate the vagally mediated influence of respiration. This study used a cross-sectional comparison of(More)
To study the interaction of forces that produce chest wall motion, we propose a model based on the lever system of Hillman and Finucane (J Appl Physiol 63(3):951-961, 1987) and introduce some dynamic properties of the respiratory system. The passive elements (rib cage and abdomen) are considered as elastic compartments linked to the open air via a resistive(More)
Leptin is known to exert cardiodepressive effects and to induce left ventricular (LV) remodelling. Nevertheless, the autocrine and/or paracrine activities of this adipokine in the context of post-infarct dysfunction and remodelling have not yet been elucidated. Therefore, we have investigated the evolution of myocardial leptin expression following(More)
The addition to the respiratory system of a resistive load results in breathing pattern changes and in negative intrathoracic pressure increases. The aim of this study was to use resistive load breathing as a stimulus to the cardiorespiratory interaction and to examine the extent of the changes in heart rate variability (HRV) and respiratory sinus(More)
A statistical method with the advantages of 1) enabling graphical representation of within-respiratory cycle heart rate variations, 2) detecting the presence of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in a moving window, and 3) providing breath-by-breath RSA amplitude and phase obtained from the fitting of a sinusoid to the instantaneous relative heart rate is(More)
Neurally adjusted ventilator assist (NAVA) assists spontaneous breathing in proportion to diaphragmatic electrical activity (EAdi). Here, we evaluate the effects of various levels of NAVA and PSV on the breathing pattern and, thereby, on [Formula: see text] homeostasis in 10 healthy volunteers. For each ventilation mode, four levels of support (delivered(More)
To study the mechanical interactions between heart, lungs and thorax, we propose a mathematical model combining a ventilatory neuromuscular model and a model of the cardiovascular system, as described by Smith et al. (Smith, Chase, Nokes, Shaw & Wake 2004 Med. Eng. Phys.26, 131-139. (doi:10.1016/j.medengphy.2003.10.001)). The respiratory model has been(More)
Mentally imaged but unexecuted physical activity has been reported to induce a cardiorespiratory change. In order to test whether the previous experience of the performed exercise was a prerequisite to observe these changes, ventilation and heart rate were recorded during mental imagination of a rowing race in four groups of volunteers: 12 competitive(More)