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Tau is a neuronal microtubule-associated protein that plays a central role in many cellular processes, both physiological and pathological, such as axons stabilization and Alzheimer's disease. Despite extensive studies, very little is known about the detailed molecular basis of tau binding to microtubules. We used the four-repeat recombinant htau40 and(More)
Stathmin is a prominent destabilizer of microtubules (MTs). Extensive in vitro studies have strongly suggested that stathmin could act by sequestering tubulin and/or by binding to MT tips. In cells, the molecular mechanisms of stathmin binding to tubulin and/or MTs and its implications for the MT dynamics remain unexplored. By using immunofluorescence(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Hsp90 (90 kDa heat-shock protein) plays a key role in the folding and activation of many client proteins involved in signal transduction and cell cycle control. The cycle of Hsp90 has been intimately associated with large conformational rearrangements, which are nucleotide-binding-dependent. However, up to now, our understanding of(More)
BACKGROUND HIV infection and progression to AIDS is characterized by the depletion of T cells, which could be due, in part, to apoptosis mediated by the extra-cellular HIV-encoded Tat protein as a consequence of Tat binding to tubulin. Microtubules are tubulin polymers that are essential for cell structure and division. Molecules that target microtubules(More)
In Alzheimer disease (AD)-affected neurons, the Tau protein is found in an aggregated and hyperphosphorylated state. A common hypothesis is that Tau hyperphosphorylation causes its dissociation from the microtubular surface, with consequently a breakdown of the microtubules (MTs) and aggregation of the unbound Tau. We evaluated the effect of Tau(More)
BACKGROUND During HIV-1 infection, the Tat protein plays a key role by transactivating the transcription of the HIV-1 proviral DNA. In addition, Tat induces apoptosis of non-infected T lymphocytes, leading to a massive loss of immune competence. This apoptosis is notably mediated by the interaction of Tat with microtubules, which are dynamic components(More)
The crucial role of the neuronal Tau protein in microtubule stabilization and axonal transport suggests that too little or too much Tau might lead to neuronal dysfunction. The presence of a hyper phosphorylated but non aggregated molecule as a toxic species that might sequester normal Tau is discussed. We present recent in vitro results that might allow us(More)
Proper regulation of microtubule dynamics is essential for cell functions and involves various microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). Among them, end-binding proteins (EBs) accumulate at microtubule plus ends, whereas structural MAPs bind along the microtubule lattice. Recent data indicate that the structural MAP tau modulates EB subcellular localization(More)
The interaction between the microtubule associated protein, tau and the microtubules is investigated. A fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) assay was used to determine the distance separating tau to the microtubule wall, as well as the binding parameters of the interaction. By using microtubules stabilized with Flutax-2 as donor and tau labeled(More)
The kinetics of binding of R- and S-enantiomers were studied by the fluorescence stopped-flow technique. For the R-enantiomer, the time course of the increase in fluorescence is best fitted by a sum of two exponentials. In pseudo-first-order conditions, the first observed rate constant showed a linear concentration dependence whereas the second showed a(More)