Pascale Allotey

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Africa faces a double burden of infectious and chronic diseases. While infectious diseases still account for at least 69% of deaths on the continent, age specific mortality rates from chronic diseases as a whole are actually higher in sub Saharan Africa than in virtually all other regions of the world, in both men and women. Over the next ten years the(More)
Centuries of scientific advances and developments in biomedical sciences have brought us a long way to understanding and managing disease processes, by reducing them to simplified cause-effect models. For most of the infectious diseases known today, we have the methods and technology to identify the causative agent, understand the mechanism by which(More)
The Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY) is a widely used summary measure of population health combining years of life lost due to mortality and years of healthy life lost due to disability. A feature of the DALY is that, in the assessment of morbidity, each health condition is associated with a disability weight. The disability weight lies on a scale(More)
1 Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia, 2 DBL Centre for Health Research and Development, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 3 Centre for Public Health Research & School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Brunel University, West London, Uxbridge, United Kingdom, 4 Dodowa Health(More)
Communities in remote regions of northeast Ghana record some of the highest rates of under five mortality in West Africa (23.9 per 1000 children/year (Binka, Maude et al. (1995). International Journal of Epidemiology, 24(1), 127-135). The communities, isolated geographically and culturally from the main tribal groups in Ghana continue to adhere very(More)
OBJECTIVES To apply the Transtheoretical Model of Behaviour Change (TTM) to cervical cancer screening to determine and report on the level of support required by different language and cultural groups in Queensland to enhance participation. The model consists of six stages: Pre-contemplation (no intention to be screened, no past action), Contemplation(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to identify the patterns of use of over-the-counter (OTC) medications among children. METHODS The study used a qualitative design, with in-depth interviews of 40 parents with children <5 years of age. RESULTS There were 3 striking and readily apparent themes in the use of OTC medications among children. One was the(More)
BACKGROUND Scientific research entails systematic investigation. Publishing the findings of research in peer reviewed journals implies a high level of confidence by the authors in the veracity of their interpretation. Therefore it stands to reason that researchers should be prepared to share their raw data with other researchers, so that others may enjoy(More)
BACKGROUND Research in infectious disease control is heavily skewed towards high end technology; development of new drugs, vaccines and clinical interventions. Oft ignored, is the evidence to inform the best strategies that ensure the embedding of interventions into health systems and amongst populations. In this paper we undertake an analysis of the(More)
The Declaration is operationalised through eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), each of which provides the blueprint and targets for addressing prioritised social needs. A tension arises, however, between the broad social principles of the Declaration, and the refined targets of the MDGs. Using the fourth MDG as an illustrative example, we highlight(More)