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The Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY) is a widely used summary measure of population health combining years of life lost due to mortality and years of healthy life lost due to disability. A feature of the DALY is that, in the assessment of morbidity, each health condition is associated with a disability weight. The disability weight lies on a scale(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to identify the patterns of use of over-the-counter (OTC) medications among children. METHODS The study used a qualitative design, with in-depth interviews of 40 parents with children <5 years of age. RESULTS There were 3 striking and readily apparent themes in the use of OTC medications among children. One was the(More)
Africa faces a double burden of infectious and chronic diseases. While infectious diseases still account for at least 69% of deaths on the continent, age specific mortality rates from chronic diseases as a whole are actually higher in sub Saharan Africa than in virtually all other regions of the world, in both men and women. Over the next ten years the(More)
Refugee women face problems during resettlement in host countries that are often worse than those faced by voluntary migrants. Although these problems are generally thought to be related to previous traumatic experiences, this may not always be the case; there are many refugee women who may not have personally experienced torture or trauma but who(More)
BACKGROUND Human rights violations have adverse consequences for health. However, to date, there remains little empirical evidence documenting this association, beyond the obvious physical and psychological effects of torture. The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether Australian asylum policies and practices, which arguably violate human(More)
BACKGROUND Malaysians have become increasingly obese over recent years. The transition from adolescence to early adulthood is recognized as critical for the development of eating and activity habits. However, little obesity-related research focuses on this life stage. Drawing on data from a health and demographic surveillance site in Malaysia, this article(More)
BACKGROUND The infant mortality rate (IMR) has been criticised as a measure of population health because it is narrowly based and likely to focus the attention of health policy on a small part of the population to the exclusion of the rest. More comprehensive measures such as disability adjusted life expectancy (DALE) have come into favour as alternatives.(More)
1 Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia, 2 DBL Centre for Health Research and Development, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 3 Centre for Public Health Research & School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Brunel University, West London, Uxbridge, United Kingdom, 4 Dodowa Health(More)
This paper summarises the findings of an empirical investigation of some of the technical and social assumptions on which the disability adjusted life year (DALY) is based. The objectives of the study were to examine the notion that the burden of disease is broadly similar without regard to country, environment, gender or socio-economic status and to(More)
BACKGROUND Research in infectious disease control is heavily skewed towards high end technology; development of new drugs, vaccines and clinical interventions. Oft ignored, is the evidence to inform the best strategies that ensure the embedding of interventions into health systems and amongst populations. In this paper we undertake an analysis of the(More)