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The molecular mechanisms responsible for the failure of antiangiogenic therapies and how tumors adapt to these therapies are unclear. Here, we applied transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic approaches to preclinical models and provide evidence for tumor adaptation to vascular endothelial growth factor blockade through a metabolic shift toward(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is an important 'brain-gut' hormone located both in the gastrointestinal (GI) system and in the CNS. At least two different G-coupled high affinity receptors have been identified: the CCK-A and the CCK-B receptors. Although the complex biological role of CCK is, as yet, not fully understood, its connection with many different(More)
The interaction with monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and B has been shown to be sensitive to the absolute configuration of molecules. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of the racemic pirlindole (a selective and reversible MAO-A inhibitor) and its two enantiomers using biochemical techniques (in vitro and ex vivo determination of rat(More)
The mouse model of laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) has been used extensively in studies of the exudative form of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This experimental in vivo model relies on laser injury to perforate Bruch's membrane, resulting in subretinal blood vessel recruitment from the choroid. By recapitulating the main features(More)
The quality assessment and control of traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) nowadays receives a great deal of attention worldwide and particularly in Europe with its increasing local use. Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. and Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. are two members of the Polygonaceae family, which are widely used as Chinese medicinal plants. The aim(More)
First described by Alois Alzheimer in 1907, Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common dementia type, affecting approximately 20 million people worldwide. As the population is getting older, AD is a growing health problem. AD is currently treated by symptomatic drugs, the acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, based on the cholinergic hypothesis (1976). During(More)
Quantification of 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (2-HP-β-CD) is not yet described in United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and European Pharmacopeia (EP). A useful quality control tool is therefore needed for the specific quantification in finished liquid pharmaceutical products, especially for formulations containing 2-HP-β-CD as an active ingredient. A new(More)
The present study was undertaken to characterize the effects of BPDZ 62, an original pyridothiadiazine derivative structurally related to both diazoxide and pinacidil, on ionic and secretory events in the rat pancreatic islet cells. BPDZ 62 increased the rate of 86Rb outflow from islets perfused in the presence or absence of extracellular glucose. These(More)
Since 2008, herbal mixtures with synthetic cannabinoid compounds have been sold as incense throughout the world. Although these new drugs are labeled as not for human consumption, these products are smoked for their cannabis-like effects. This study reports the structural and spectral elucidation of four cannabimimetic compounds seized in Belgium:(More)
A series of 4H-1,2,4-pyridothiadiazine 1,1-dioxides and 2, 3-dihydro-4H-1,2,4-pyridothiadiazine 1,1-dioxides bearing various alkyl and aryl substituents on the 2-, 3-, and 4-positions was synthesized and tested as possible positive allosteric modulators of the (R/S)-2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazol-4-yl)propionic acid (AMPA) receptors. Many compounds(More)