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AIM To evaluate the in vitro immunomodulation capacity of various non-pathogenic yeast strains and to investigate the ability of some of these food grade yeasts to prevent experimental colitis in mice. METHODS In vitro immunomodulation was assessed by measuring cytokines [interleukin (IL)-12p70, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor and interferon gamma] released(More)
Yeasts and their glycan components can have a beneficial or adverse effect on intestinal inflammation. Previous research has shown that the presence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii (Sb) reduces intestinal inflammation and colonization by Candida albicans. The aim of this study was to identify dietary yeasts, which have comparable effects to the(More)
BACKGROUND Adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC), which colonize the ileal mucosa of patients with Crohn's disease (CD), are able to adhere to and invade intestinal epithelial cells. Overexpression of the glycoprotein CEACAM6 on host cells favors AIEC attachment and inflammation. We investigated the ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCM I-3856 to(More)
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