Pascal Swider

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A Finite Element model of the face soft tissue is proposed to simulate the morphological outcomes of maxillofacial surgery. Three modelling options are implemented: a linear elastic model with small and large deformation hypothesis, and an hyperelastic Mooney-Rivlin model. An evaluation procedure based on a qualitative and quantitative comparison of the(More)
Total shoulder arthroplasty has become a successful surgical procedure through design improvements. However, lucent lines around the glenoid component are of major concern for leading to component loosening. To better understand the mechanism causing loosening, a finite element biomechanical model of an in vivo scapula was developed. The effect of eccentric(More)
The association of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) with calcium phosphate bioceramics is known to confer them osteoinductive properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the surface properties, especially regarding recombinant human BMP-2 (rhBMP-2) adsorption and release, of commercial sintered biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics after coating with(More)
The aim of the study was to implement a methodology to quantify in vivo and from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) the 3D geometrical properties of intervertebral discs (IVDs) in early idiopathic scoliosis with small curves. MRI data were posttreated using a custom-made image processing software to semiautomatically determine the location of disc centres,(More)
A characteristic bony structure found at revision surgery for failed joint replacement, and implicated as being associated with poorer subsequent implant fixation, is a sclerotic bone rim (SB rim). This study is a histomorphometric analysis of the SB rim formed around an experimental canine micro-motion implant system under stable or unstable conditions(More)
We proposed a substructure technique to predict the time-dependant response of biological tissue within the framework of a finite element resolution. Theoretical considerations in poroelasticity preceded the calculation of the sub-structured poroelastic matrix. The transient response was obtained using an exponential fitting method. We computed the creep(More)
Treatment of proximal humeral fractures is very challenging in elderly patients with osteoporosis. Difficulty in obtaining a stable osteosynthesis remains the main problem for the surgeon. Knowing more details about the bone quality of the humeral head can be helpful for treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bone quality of the humeral(More)
As the navicular is unossified in infants with foot deformities, until 5 years old (boys) and 3 years old (girls), it is difficult to give the exact position of hindfoot bones. Magnetic resonance imaging associated with three-dimensional reconstruction allows the visualization of the cartilaginous volume of the bones and the measurement of the relationships(More)
We conducted a micro-CT analysis of subchondral bone of the vertebral end-plates after application of compressive stress. Thoracic and lumbar vertebral units were instrumented by carrying out left asymmetric tether in eleven 4-week-old pigs. After 3 months of growth, instrumented units and control units were harvested. Micro-CT study of subchondral bone was(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the mechanical properties of locking compression plate (LCP) and limited contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) constructs in an experimental model of comminuted fracture of the canine femur during eccentric cyclic loading. METHODS A 20 mm mid-diaphyseal gap was created in eighteen canine femora. A 10-hole, 2.4 mm stainless steel(More)