Pascal Swider

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This paper addresses an important issue raised for the clinical relevance of Computer-Assisted Surgical applications, namely the methodology used to automatically build patient-specific finite element (FE) models of anatomical structures. From this perspective, a method is proposed, based on a technique called the mesh-matching method, followed by a process(More)
A Finite Element model of the face soft tissue is proposed to simulate the morphological outcomes of maxillofacial surgery. Three modelling options are implemented: a linear elastic model with small and large deformation hypothesis, and an hyperelastic Mooney-Rivlin model. An evaluation procedure based on a qualitative and quantitative comparison of the(More)
BACKGROUND Proptosis is characterized by a protrusion of the eyeball due to an increase of the orbital tissue volume. To recover a normal eyeball positioning, the most frequent surgical technique consists in the osteotomy of orbital walls combined with a loading on the eyeball to initiate tissue decompression. The first biomechanical models dealing with(More)
In pathophysiology and clinical practice, the intracranial pressure (ICP) profiles in the supratentorial and infratentorial compartments are unclear. We know that the pressure within the skull is unevenly distributed, with demonstrated ICP gradients. We recorded and characterised the supra- and infratentorial ICP patterns to understand what drives the(More)
In line with the first law of thermodynamics, Bernoulli's principle states that the total energy in a fluid is the same at all points. We applied Bernoulli's principle to understand the relationship between intracranial pressure (ICP) and intracranial fluids. We analyzed simple fluid physics along a tube to describe the interplay between pressure and(More)
Intracranial pressure is mainly considered to be hydrostatic pressure, but observations demonstrated that ICP is heterogeneous within brain suggesting the presence of a solid pressure. Brain tissue is a biphasic material composed of solid and fluid phases. We hypothesized that in a saturated porous model, fluid and solid phases yielded two pressures. Our(More)
We proposed a substructure technique to predict the time-dependant response of biological tissue within the framework of a finite element resolution. Theoretical considerations in poroelasticity preceded the calculation of the sub-structured poroelastic matrix. The transient response was obtained using an exponential fitting method. We computed the creep(More)
The aim of the study was to implement a methodology to quantify in vivo and from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) the 3D geometrical properties of intervertebral discs (IVDs) in early idiopathic scoliosis with small curves. MRI data were posttreated using a custom-made image processing software to semiautomatically determine the location of disc centres,(More)
Exophthalmia is characterized by a protrusion of the eyeball. The most frequent surgery consists in an osteotomy of the orbit walls to increase the orbital volume and to retrieve a normal eye position. Only a few clinical observations have estimated the relationship between the eyeball backward displacement and the decompressed fat tissue volume. This paper(More)
This paper proposes a computer-assisted system for the surgical treatment of exophthalmia. This treatment is classically characterized by a de-compression of the orbit, by the mean of an orbital walls osteotomy. The planning of this osteotomy consists in defining the size and the location of the de-compression hole. A biomechanical model of the orbital soft(More)
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