Learn More
Patient-specific simulations are widely used to investigate the local hemodynamics within realistic morphologies. However, pre-processing and mesh generation are time consuming, operator dependent, and the quality of the resulting mesh is often suboptimal. Therefore, a semi-automatic methodology for patient-specific reconstruction and structured meshing of(More)
A numerical model based on the nonlinear, one-dimensional (1-D) equations of pressure and flow wave propagation in conduit arteries is tested against a well-defined experimental 1:1 replica of the human arterial tree. The tree consists of 37 silicone branches representing the largest central systemic arteries in the human, including the aorta, carotid(More)
The accuracy of the nonlinear one-dimensional (1-D) equations of pressure and flow wave propagation in Voigt-type visco-elastic arteries was tested against measurements in a well-defined experimental 1:1 replica of the 37 largest conduit arteries in the human systemic circulation. The parameters required by the numerical algorithm were directly measured in(More)
Hemodialysis patients require a vascular access that is, preferably, surgically created by connecting an artery and vein in the arm, i.e. an arteriovenous fistula (AVF). The site for AVF creation is chosen by the surgeon based on preoperative diagnostics, but AVFs are still compromised by flow-associated complications. Previously, it was shown that a(More)
Atherosclerosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its apparent link with wall shear stress (WSS) has led to considerable interest in the in vivo estimation of WSS. Determining WSS by combining medical images with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations can be performed both with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and three-dimensional(More)
Spoiled gradient echo pulse (SPGRE) sequences are commonly used in dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) studies to measure the contrast agent concentration in a tissue of interest over time. However, due to improper tuning of the SPGRE parameters, concentration uncertainty can be very high, even at high signal-to-noise ratio in the MR measurement. In(More)
Studies in adults have shown marked changes in geometry and relative positions of the carotid arteries when rotating the head. The aim of this study was to quantify the change in geometry and analyze its effect on carotid hemodynamics as a result of head rotation. The right carotid arteries of nine young adult subjects were investigated in supine position(More)
We studied whether combined pressure and transesophageal ultrasound monitoring is feasible in the ICU-setting for global cardiovascular hemodynamic monitoring (systemic vascular resistance, SVR, and total arterial compliance, C PPM), and direct estimation of local ascending and descending aortic mechanical properties, i.e. distensibility (DC) and compliance(More)
Despite extensive attention to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in the biomedical engineering community, its effect on aortic hemodynamics and arterial wave reflection has not been addressed before. We used experimental and numerical methods, relying on a realistic AAA geometry constructed from patient computer tomography scans (CT-scans), to study this(More)