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Patient-specific simulations are widely used to investigate the local hemodynamics within realistic morphologies. However, pre-processing and mesh generation are time consuming, operator dependent, and the quality of the resulting mesh is often suboptimal. Therefore, a semi-automatic methodology for patient-specific reconstruction and structured meshing of(More)
Simulations of coupled problems such as fluid-structure interaction (FSI) are becoming more and more important for engineering purposes. This is particularly true when modeling the aortic valve, where the FSI between the blood and the valve determines the valve movement and the valvular hemodynamics. Nevertheless only a few studies are focusing on the(More)
Several studies have stressed the importance of dialysis time in the removal of uremic retention solutes. To further investigate this, nine stable chronic hemodialysis patients were dialyzed for 4, 6, or 8 h processing the same total blood and dialysate volume by the Genius system and high-flux FX80 dialyzers. Inlet blood and outlet dialysate were analyzed(More)
— Patients that undergo treatment in the epilepsy clinic Kempenhaeghe in the Netherlands are being monitored with different sensory signals, including audio. In this paper a new patient monitoring system for the detection of epileptic seizures through audio classification is proposed. The proposed system enables automated detection of epileptic seizures,(More)
Evidence assembled over the last decade shows that average telomere length (TL) acts as a biomarker for biological aging and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in particular. Although essential for a more profound understanding of the underlying mechanisms, little reference information is available on TL. We therefore sought to provide baseline TL information and(More)
BACKGROUND Although patients with renal failure retain a large variety of solutes, urea is virtually the only currently applied marker for adequacy of dialysis. Only a limited number of other compounds have up until now been investigated regarding their intradialytic kinetics. Scant data suggest that large solutes show a kinetic behavior that is different(More)
We fitted a three-segment transmission line model for the radial-carotid/aorta pressure transfer function (TFF) in 31 controls and 30 patients with coronary artery disease using noninvasively measured (tonometry) radial and carotid artery pressures (P(car)). Except for the distal reflection coefficient (0.85 +/- 0.21 in patients vs. 0.71 +/- 0.25 in(More)
A numerical model based on the nonlinear, one-dimensional (1-D) equations of pressure and flow wave propagation in conduit arteries is tested against a well-defined experimental 1:1 replica of the human arterial tree. The tree consists of 37 silicone branches representing the largest central systemic arteries in the human, including the aorta, carotid(More)
Global assessment of both cardiac and arterial function is important for a meaningful interpretation of pathophysiological changes in animal models of cardiovascular disease. We simultaneously acquired left ventricular (LV) and aortic pressure and LV volume (V(LV)) in 17 open-chest anesthetized mice (26.7 +/- 3.2g) during steady-state (BL) and caval vein(More)
The augmentation index (AIx) and "oscillatory" compliance (C(2)) are wave contour analysis parameters for the central aorta (P(ao)) and radial artery pressure wave (P(rad)), respectively. Both are sensitive to cardiovascular risk factors such as aging, hypertension, and diabetes and have been proposed as prognostic markers for cardiovascular disease. In(More)