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Patient-specific simulations are widely used to investigate the local hemodynamics within realistic morphologies. However, pre-processing and mesh generation are time consuming, operator dependent, and the quality of the resulting mesh is often suboptimal. Therefore, a semi-automatic methodology for patient-specific reconstruction and structured meshing of(More)
A numerical model based on the nonlinear, one-dimensional (1-D) equations of pressure and flow wave propagation in conduit arteries is tested against a well-defined experimental 1:1 replica of the human arterial tree. The tree consists of 37 silicone branches representing the largest central systemic arteries in the human, including the aorta, carotid(More)
Global assessment of both cardiac and arterial function is important for a meaningful interpretation of pathophysiological changes in animal models of cardiovascular disease. We simultaneously acquired left ventricular (LV) and aortic pressure and LV volume (V(LV)) in 17 open-chest anesthetized mice (26.7 +/- 3.2g) during steady-state (BL) and caval vein(More)
The relation between arterial function indices, such as pulse wave velocity and augmentation index with parameters derived from input impedance analysis, is still incompletely understood. Carotid pressure, central flow waveforms, and pulse wave velocity were noninvasively acquired in 2026 apparently healthy, middle-aged subjects (1052 women and 974 men) 35(More)
The accuracy of the nonlinear one-dimensional (1-D) equations of pressure and flow wave propagation in Voigt-type visco-elastic arteries was tested against measurements in a well-defined experimental 1:1 replica of the 37 largest conduit arteries in the human systemic circulation. The parameters required by the numerical algorithm were directly measured in(More)
Central-to-peripheral amplification of the pressure pulse leads to discrepancies between central and brachial blood pressures. This amplification depends on an individual's hemodynamic and (patho)physiological characteristics. The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude and correlates of central-to-peripheral amplification in the upper limb in a(More)
Hemodialysis patients require a vascular access that is, preferably, surgically created by connecting an artery and vein in the arm, i.e. an arteriovenous fistula (AVF). The site for AVF creation is chosen by the surgeon based on preoperative diagnostics, but AVFs are still compromised by flow-associated complications. Previously, it was shown that a(More)
Atherosclerosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Its apparent link with wall shear stress (WSS) has led to considerable interest in the in vivo estimation of WSS. Determining WSS by combining medical images with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations can be performed both with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and three-dimensional(More)
The advocated SphygmoCor procedure uses a radial-to-aorta transfer function with calibration on brachial instead of radial artery pressure to assess the central pulse pressure. We compared these values with carotid artery pulse pressures obtained from a validated calibration method, assuming mean minus diastolic blood pressure constant throughout the large(More)
The hemodynamic and the thrombogenic performance of two commercially available bileaflet mechanical heart valves (MHVs)--the ATS Open Pivot Valve (ATS) and the St. Jude Regent Valve (SJM), was compared using a state of the art computational fluid dynamics-fluid structure interaction (CFD-FSI) methodology. A transient simulation of the ATS and SJM valves was(More)