Learn More
This study was designed to identify factors associated with death by 6 months post-intensive care unit (ICU) discharge and to develop a practical mortality risk score for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)-treated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. We also assessed long-term survivors’ health-related quality of life (HRQL),(More)
BACKGROUND Transcatheter aortic-valve implantation (TAVI) is an emerging intervention for the treatment of high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis and coexisting illnesses. We report the results of a prospective multicenter study of the French national transcatheter aortic-valve implantation registry, FRANCE 2. METHODS All TAVIs performed in(More)
BACKGROUND Whether early percutaneous tracheotomy in patients who require prolonged mechanical ventilation can shorten mechanical ventilation duration and lower mortality remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To compare the outcomes of severely ill patients who require prolonged mechanical ventilation randomly assigned to early percutaneous tracheotomy or(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with mechanical heart valves require life-long anticoagulation. We report here the first large and comparative series of consecutive patients anticoagulated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) after mechanical heart valve replacement. METHODS AND RESULTS In this comparative, nonrandomized study, 208 consecutive patients who(More)
INTRODUCTION Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has recently shown encouraging results in the resuscitation of in-hospital (IH) refractory cardiac arrest. We assessed the use of ECLS following out-of-hospital (OH) refractory cardiac arrest. METHODS We evaluated 51 consecutive patients who experienced witnessed OH refractory cardiac arrest and received(More)
The frequency of neurological events and their impact on patients receiving venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) are unknown. We therefore study the epidemiology, risk factors, and impact of cerebral complications occurring in VV-ECMO patients. Observational study conducted in a tertiary referral center (2006–2012) on patients developing(More)
RATIONALE Post-cardiac surgery shock is associated with high morbidity and mortality. By removing toxins and proinflammatory mediators and correcting metabolic acidosis, high-volume hemofiltration (HVHF) might halt the vicious circle leading to death by improving myocardial performance and reducing vasopressor dependence. OBJECTIVES To determine whether(More)
AIMS Temporary circulatory support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is often the only alternative for supporting patients with refractory cardiogenic shock (RCS). In practice, this strategy is limited to a small minority of patients hospitalized in tertiary-care centres with ECMO programs. The cardiac-RESCUE program was designed to test the(More)
This study was designed to optimize the latest generation venovenous (vv)-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)-circuit configuration and settings based on the evaluation of blood oxygenation and CO2 removal determinants in patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) on ultraprotective mechanical ventilation. Blood gases and(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with an inflammatory response caused by contact of blood with artificial surfaces of the extracorporeal circuit, ischemia-reperfusion injury, and release of endotoxin. The inflammatory reaction involves activation of complement leucocytes, and endothelial cells with secretion of(More)