Pascal Morand

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AIMS To study the decrease of enteric micro-organisms including viable nematode eggs, enteroviruses, faecal indicators (Escherichia coli and enterococci) and pathogenic bacteria (Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella sp. and Clostridium perfringens) of a rural sewage sludge when it is composted for 7 months in mixture with straw. METHODS AND RESULTS Numbers(More)
BACKGROUND In spite of the large prevalence and growing incidence of herpes simplex infection (HSV-1 and HSV-2), relatively few large serological surveys are available worldwide and it is still difficult compare frequencies of HSV contaminations in various countries. We present the results of HERPIMAX, the first epidemiological inquiry on HSV prevalence in(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are very common in the general population and among immunocompromised patients. Acyclovir (ACV) is an effective treatment which is widely used. We deemed it essential to conduct a wide and coordinated survey of the emergence of ACV-resistant HSV strains. We have formed a network of 15 virology laboratories which have(More)
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a leading cause of acute viral encephalitis but little is known about its clinical, biological and imaging features. Furthermore, the most favourable treatment regimen has not been determined. We studied a prospective cohort of 20 HIV-negative patients presenting with acute VZV encephalitis caused by primary infection or(More)
OBJECTIVE Between July 1992 and December 1994, 16 French hospital centres, mainly cardiological, participated in a non-controlled observational study on venous thromboembolic disease. The objective of this survey was to collect data concerning the current status of pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis. PATIENTS During this period, 547 patients(More)
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain structures: neurons, vessels or glial cells. However, a consensual definition of the syndrome is difficult to obtain, and it is even more difficult to define encephalitis due a specific agent. Most viruses can be responsible for infectious encephalitis, but the number of encephalitis cases is very limited with(More)
Dilevalol (R,R'-isomer of labetalol) is an antihypertensive agent combining non-specific beta blockade with peripheral vasodilatation due to beta 2-receptor agonism. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of chronic dilevalol administration on lymphocyte beta 2-adrenoceptor density. The investigation was conducted as a double-blind,(More)
After 4 weeks on placebo, 90 hypertensive patients (37 men, 53 women, mean age 55 years) with systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures of 162/99 and 165/100 mmHg respectively received double-blind treatment with either rilmenidine 1 mg/day or atenolol 50 mg/day. This treatment was given alone for 8 weeks, with possible DBP greater than or equal to(More)
Trak-C (Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics) is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-based method capable of quantifying hepatitis C virus (HCV) core antigen (CA) in serum and could be an alternative to molecular detection and quantification of HCV RNA. We have evaluated the Trak-C assay in comparison with an HCV RNA quantitative assay (Versant HCV v3.0; Bayer(More)
Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) has been consistently associated with Primary Effusion Lymphoma (PEL or body-cavity-based lymphoma) but not with other lymphomas. This paper reports on an AIDS patient without obvious malignant effusion in body cavities but with a cutaneous lymphoma where HHV-8 and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) were detected by PCR and electron(More)