Pascal Maillard

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Abstract. Maximizing the quality index modularity has become one of the primary methods for identifying the clustering structure within a graph. As contemporary networks are not static but evolve over time, traditional static approaches can be inappropriate for specific tasks. In this work we pioneer the NP-hard problem of online dynamic modularity(More)
This paper describes the instrumentation of a clinical colonoscope needed for a novel colonoscopy simulation framework. The simulator consists of a compact and portable haptic interface and a virtual reality environment to provide real-time visualization. The proposed instrumentation enables tracking different functions of the colonoscope while keeping the(More)
Maximizing the quality index <i>modularity</i> has become one of the primary methods for identifying the clustering structure within a graph. Since many contemporary networks are not static but evolve over time, traditional static approaches can be inappropriate for specific tasks. In this work, we pioneer the NP-hard problem of online dynamic modularity(More)
We consider a system of N particles on the real line that evolves through iteration of the following steps: 1) every particle splits into two, 2) each particle jumps according to a prescribed displacement distribution supported on the positive reals and 3) only the N right-most particles are retained, the others being removed from the system. This system(More)
(Oxy)nitride materials have attractive properties directly related to the role played by nitrogen. A commonly used synthesis method consists of the thermal nitridation of an oxide precursor in flowing ammonia. As a consequence of the anionic N3-/O2substitution results an increase in the covalent character, illustrated by a shift of the absorption edge(More)
Consider a d-ary rooted tree (d≥ 3) where each edge e is assigned an i.i.d. (bounded) random variable X(e) of negative mean. Assign to each vertex v the sum S(v) of X(e) over all edges connecting v to the root, and assume that the maximum S n of S(v) over all vertices v at distance n from the root tends to infinity (necessarily, linearly) as n tends to(More)
The replacement of tantalum by the couple Zr/W within the RTa-O-N systems (R = Y, Nd, Sm, Gd, Yb), enables the preparation of novel oxide and oxynitride phases in the R-Zr-W-O-N system. R2Zr2-xWxO7+x oxides exhibit the fluorite-type (x<0.9) and scheelite (x  1) structures. Corresponding oxynitride compositions are of the fluorite type and show different(More)
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