Learn More
Teleost fishes, living in fresh water, engage in active ion uptake to maintain ion homeostasis. Current models for NaCl uptake involve Na(+) uptake via an apical amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC), energized by an apical vacuolar-type proton pump (V-ATPase) or alternatively by an amiloride-sensitive Na(+)/H(+) exchange (NHE) protein, and(More)
In fish of all groups examined including Teleostei, Chondrostei, Holostei, Chondrichytes, and Dipnoi, the primary epithelium that surrounds the primary lamellae has a close relationship with the venous compartment. Except in Dipnoi that displays a specialized epithelial drainage, the venous compartment consists of a central venous sinus that is connected(More)
We developed a new monoclonal antibody. B-B4, which specifically identifies human plasma cells. It strongly reacts with all multiple myeloma cell lines and with malignant plasma cells of all tumour samples of the multiple myeloma patients tested. B-B4 does not react with any peripheral blood, bone marrow or tonsil cells. Cloning of the B-B4 antigen reveals(More)
The gill epithelium which comprises several types of cell faces multiple functions (O2/CO2 transfer, acid-base balance and ionic regulation). Little is known of the respective cellular localization of these functions. TEM examination of the catfish gill shows, in pavement cells, cytoplasmic vesicles and apical pits, both ornamented with studs reminiscent of(More)
This review examines the branchial mechanisms utilized by freshwater fish to regulate internal acid-base status and presents a model to explain the underlying basis of the compensatory processes. Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, and brown bullhead, Ictalurus nebulosus, were examined under a variety of experimental treatments which induced respiratory and(More)
The Lake Magadi tilapia (Alcolapia grahami) is an unusual fish, excreting all its nitrogenous waste as urea because of its highly alkaline and buffered aquatic habitat. Here, using both physiological and molecular studies, we describe the mechanism of branchial urea excretion in this species. In vivo, repeated short-interval sampling revealed that urea(More)
To investigate the importance of body fuel depletion on gut rehabilitation after food deprivation, we compared the kinetics of jejunal mucosa alteration and restoration in rats that were refed after reaching different stages in body fuel depletion. Rats (P2) were refed while still in the so-called phase II, where body protein utilization is minimized,(More)
We consider a model for the polymerization (fragmentation) process involved in infectious prion self-replication and study both its dynamics and non-zero steady state. We address several issues. Firstly, we extend a previous study of the nucleated polymerization model [M.L. Greer, L. Pujo-Menjouet, G.F. Webb, A mathematical analysis of the dynamics of prion(More)
Formaldehyde-induced fluorescence reveals numerous serotonin-containing cells within the primary epithelium of the fish gill. These cells are isolated or clustered and are supported by the epithelial basal lamina. They never reach the external medium and are found on the internal side of the primary lamellae, facing the respiratory water flow. With the(More)
A human neurotensin receptor (hNTR) cDNA was cloned from the colonic adenocarcinoma cell line HT29. The cloned cDNA encodes a putative peptide of 418 amino acids with 7 transmembrane domains. The amino acid sequence of the hNTR is 84% identical to the rat NTR [Neuron, 4 (1990) 847-854]. Transfection of this cDNA into COS cells results in the expression of(More)