Pascal L.M.L. Wielders

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An imbalance between oxidative stress and antioxidative capacity is thought to play an important role in the development and progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To assess the lung oxidative status in patients with COPD, we studied whether exhaled hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is increased in breath condensate of patients with stable COPD(More)
BACKGROUND COPD is characterized by episodic increases in respiratory symptoms, so-called exacerbations. COPD exacerbations are associated with an increase in local and systemic inflammation. Data of a previously published study in a well-characterized COPD cohort were analyzed to define predictive factors of acute exacerbations, particularly focusing on(More)
We report a case of inability to ventilate a patient after completion of pneumonectomy, due to migrated tumor tissue to the contralateral side. This represents an unusual complication with a high mortality rate. We have managed to find the cause in time and were able to remove the obstructive tissue using bronchoscopy.
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of COPD, partly because of the release of oxidants, like superoxide anion (SA). The goal of this study was to measure the spontaneous and stimulated release of SA by peripheral PMN in stable COPD compared with healthy controls. Seventeen patients with stable moderate COPD and 17(More)
GSK961081 is a bifunctional molecule demonstrating both muscarinic antagonist and β-agonist activities. This was a 4-week, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo and salmeterol controlled parallel group study. Doses ranging across three twice-daily doses and three once-daily doses were assessed in moderate and severe chronic(More)
BACKGROUND There is a pressing need for new forms of treatment for COPD. Based on the known pathophysiology of COPD, inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases is a theoretically promising approach. This Phase IIa study evaluated the effects of AZD1236, a selective MMP-9 and MMP-12 inhibitor, on the biomarkers of inflammation and emphysematous lung tissue(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES An adequately staged mediastinum remains obligatory in patients with NSCLC prior to surgery. In this study, we investigated the accuracy of preoperative surgical mediastinal staging procedures in four hospitals. SETTING Non-university teaching hospital and three surrounding community hospitals in Eindhoven, The Netherlands. PATIENTS,(More)
Biological or biochemical markers (so-called biomarkers) are of potential interest for clinical application to monitor chronic diseases. Although biomarkers are frequently used in toxicology and oncology, their application in monitoring nonmalignant pulmonary disease has been confined to basic research. With the appearance of new noninvasive and less(More)
GSK961081 (batefenterol) is a novel bifunctional molecule composed of a muscarinic antagonist and a β2-agonist. The aims of this substudy were (1) to characterize the population pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of GSK961081 in patients with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); and (2) to investigate the(More)
The aim of the study was to determine whether zileuton, an inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, attenuated bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in asthmatic subjects who had marked BHR during maintenance treatment with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study, a challenge test with histamine (provocative(More)