Pascal J Preker

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Studies have shown that the bulk of eukaryotic genomes is transcribed. Transcriptome maps are frequently updated, but low-abundant transcripts have probably gone unnoticed. To eliminate RNA degradation, we depleted the exonucleolytic RNA exosome from human cells and then subjected the RNA to tiling microarray analysis. This revealed a class of short,(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, pre-mRNA 3'-end processing requires six factors: cleavage factor IA (CF IA), cleavage factor IB (CF IB), cleavage factor II (CF II), polyadenylation factor I (PF I), poly(A) polymerase (Pap1p) and poly(A)-binding protein I (Pab1p). We report the characterization of Pfs2p, a WD-repeat protein previously identified in a(More)
Most eukaryotic pre-messenger RNAs are processed at their 3' ends by endonucleolytic cleavage and polyadenylation. In yeast, this processing requires polyadenylate [poly(A)] polymerase (PAP) and other proteins that have not yet been characterized. Here, mutations in the PAP1 gene were shown to be synergistically lethal with previously identified mutations(More)
Active human promoters produce promoter-upstream transcripts (PROMPTs). Why these RNAs are coupled to decay, whereas their neighboring promoter-downstream mRNAs are not, is unknown. Here high-throughput sequencing demonstrates that PROMPTs generally initiate in the antisense direction closely upstream of the transcription start sites (TSSs) of their(More)
Recent evidence supports the idea that pre-mRNA splicing and mRNA export are mechanistically coupled. In metazoans, this process appears to be mediated by a multicomponent complex, which associates with the spliced RNA upstream of the exon-exon junction. One of these components (Aly/REF) has a homolog in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae known as(More)
The 3' ends of most eukaryotic messenger RNAs are generated by endonucleolytic cleavage and polyadenylation. In mammals, the cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor (CPSF) plays a central role in both steps of the processing reaction. Here, the cloning of the 73-kilodalton subunit of CPSF is reported. Sequence analyses revealed that a yeast protein(More)
The promoter elements responsible for the expression of the regulatory nif genes rpoN, nifA1 and nifA2 of Rhodobacter capsulatus were mapped by exonuclease-III-mediated deletions and by primer extension analysis. The rpoN promoter maps 600 bp upstream of rpoN and has the characteristic features of a -24/-12 promoter. The upstream activator sequence (UAS)(More)
Yra1p is an essential RNA-binding protein that couples transcription to export. The YRA1 gene is one of only approximately 5% of genes that undergo splicing in budding yeast, and its intron is unusual in several respects, including its large size and anomalous branchpoint sequence. We showed previously that the intron is required for autogenous regulation(More)
We have identified an essential gene, called FIP1, encoding a 327 amino acid protein interacting with yeast poly(A) polymerase (PAP1) in the two-hybrid assay. Recombinant FIP1 protein forms a 1:1 complex with PAP1 in vitro. At 37 degrees C, a thermosensitive allele of FIP1 shows a shortening of poly(A) tails and a decrease in the steady-state level of actin(More)
Polyadenylation is the second step in 3' end formation of most eukaryotic mRNAs. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, this step requires three trans-acting factors: poly(A) polymerase (Pap1p), cleavage factor I (CF I) and polyadenylation factor I (PF I). Here, we describe the purification and subunit composition of a multiprotein complex containing Pap1p and PF I(More)