Pascal J E Lafontant

Learn More
Recent genetic studies have documented a pivotal growth-regulatory role played by the Cullin 7 (CUL7) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex containing the Fbw8-substrate-targeting subunit, Skp1, and the ROC1 RING finger protein. In this report, we identified insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1), a critical mediator of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1(More)
The paucity of mammalian adult cardiac myocytes (CM) proliferation following myocardial infarction (MI) and the remodeling of the necrotic tissue that ensues, result in non-regenerative repair. In contrast, zebrafish (ZF) can regenerate after an apical resection or cryoinjury of the heart. There is considerable interest in models where regeneration proceeds(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion injury in the heart is characterized by marked infiltration of neutrophils in the myocardial interstitial space. Studies in human, canine, and murine models have revealed oncostatin M (OSM) expression in infiltrating leukocytes. In an effort to assess possible roles of OSM in the myocardium, we used cardiac fibroblasts (mCFs) isolated(More)
A new class of glutathione derivatives with antioxidant properties has been prepared by transformation of the NH2 group into a pyrrole ring with various substitutions at the 2 and 5 positions. Due to steric hindrance and/or hydrophobicity of the 2-5-disubstituted pyrrole ring, the reduced glutathione derivatives are poor substrates of the glutathione(More)
The remarkable ability of the heart to regenerate has been demonstrated in the zebrafish and giant danio, two fish members of the cyprinid family. Here we use light and electron microscopy to examine the repair response in the heart of another cyprinid, the goldfish (Carassius auratus), following cautery injury to a small portion of its ventricular(More)
Many forms of cardiac disease are characterized by cardiomyocyte death due to necrosis, apoptosis and/or oncosis. Recently, the notion of promoting cardiac regeneration as a means to replace damaged heart tissue has engendered considerable interest. One approach to accomplish heart muscle regeneration entails promoting cardiomyocyte cell cycle activity in(More)
The zebrafish has emerged as an important model of heart development and regeneration. While the structural characteristics of the developing and adult zebrafish ventricle have been previously studied, little attention has been paid to the nature of the interface between the compact and spongy myocardium. Here we describe how these two distinct layers are(More)
Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins commonly used as biochemical and histochemical tools to study glycoconjugate (glycoproteins, glycolipids) expression patterns in cells, tissues, including mammalian hearts. However, lectins have received little attention in zebrafish ( Danio rerio) and giant danio ( Devario aequipinnatus) heart studies. Here, we(More)
A new class of 2,5 dimethylpyrrole functionalized amino acid and peptide antioxidants has been synthesized. Pulse radiolysis studies have been carried out on these compounds to determine their reactivity in one-electron oxidation reactions with Br2- and (SCN)2-, as well as their reactivity toward the water radicals .OH and eaq-. When compared to similar(More)
  • 1