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The structure and function of the human brain are highly stereotyped, implying a conserved molecular program responsible for its development, cellular structure and function. We applied a correlation-based metric called differential stability to assess reproducibility of gene expression patterning across 132 structures in six individual brains, revealing(More)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is one of the most prevalent and highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorders in humans. There is significant evidence that the onset and severity of ASD is governed in part by complex genetic mechanisms affecting the normal development of the brain. To date, a number of genes have been associated with ASD. However, the(More)
We review quantitative methods and software developed to analyze genome-scale, brain-wide spatially-mapped gene-expression data. We expose new methods based on the underlying high-dimensional geometry of voxel space and gene space, and on simulations of the distribution of co-expression networks of a given size. We apply them to the Allen Atlas of the adult(More)
Two cliques of genes identified computationally for their high co-expression in the mouse brain according to the Allen Brain Atlas, and for their enrichment in genes related to autism spectrum disorder, have recently been shown to be highly co-expressed in the cerebellar cortex, compared to what could be expected by chance. Moreover, the expression of these(More)
Spatial patterns of gene expression in the vertebrate brain are not independent, as pairs of genes can exhibit complex patterns of coexpression. Two genes may be similarly expressed in one region, but differentially expressed in other regions. These correlations have been studied quantitatively, particularly for the Allen Atlas of the adult mouse brain, but(More)
The Allen Brain Atlas project (ABA) generated a genome-scale collection of gene-expression profiles using in-situ hybridization. These profiles were co-registered to the three-dimensional Allen Reference Atlas (ARA) of the adult mouse brain. A set of more than 4,000 such volumetric data are available for the full brain, at a resolution of 200 microns. These(More)
The three-dimensional data-driven Anatomic Gene Expression Atlas of the adult mouse brain consists of numerized in situ hybridization data for thousands of genes, co-registered to the Allen Reference Atlas. We propose quantitative criteria to rank genes as markers of a brain region, based on the localization of the gene expression and on its functional(More)
The Allen Atlas of the adult mouse brain is used to estimate the region-specificity of 64 cell types whose transcriptional profile in the mouse brain has been measured in microarray experiments. We systematically analyze the preliminary results presented in [arXiv:1111.6217], using the techniques implemented in the Brain Gene Expression Analysis toolbox. In(More)
Quantitative criteria are proposed to identify genes (and sets of genes) whose expression marks a specific brain region (or a set of brain regions). Gene-expression energies, obtained for thousands of mouse genes by numerization of in situ hybridization images in the Allen Gene Expression Atlas, are used to test these methods in the mouse brain. Individual(More)