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We present in this paper how to apply to mathematical for-mulae a generic recognition method already used for musical scores, table structure and old forms recognition. We propose to use this method to recognize the structure of formulae and also to recognize some symbols made of line segments. This offers two possibilities: improving the symbol recognition(More)
Heme-linked proteins, such as cytochromes, are popular subjects for protein folding studies. There is the underlying question of whether the heme affects the structure of the denatured state by cross-linking it and forming other interactions, which would perturb the folding pathway. We have studied wild-type and mutant cytochrome b562 from Escherichia coli,(More)
— The popularity of multimedia applications has resulted in increased interest in efficient implementation of multi-casting. Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) is a promising technology for backbone networks, because they provide high bandwidth and methods for control and managment. Since not every switches are equipped with wavelength conversion(More)
Given several problems to solve in some domains, a standard reinforcement learning agent learns an optimal policy from scratch for each problem. It would be far more useful to have systems that can solve several problems over time, using the knowledge obtained from previous problem instances to guide in learning on new problems. In this paper, we present an(More)
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