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Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a type of aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characterized by frequent resistance to conventional chemotherapy. In this study we provided evidence that fenofibrate, which is widely known as an agonist for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha), can induce effective apoptosis in treating MCL cells.(More)
Calreticulin is a 46-kDa Ca2+-binding chaperone found across a diverse range of species. The protein is involved in the regulation of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ storage capacity. Calreticulin is also an important molecular chaperone involved in "quality control" within secretory pathways. The protein contains(More)
Calcium mobilization from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) into the cytosol is a key component of several signaling networks controlling tumor cell growth, differentiation, or apoptosis. Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium transport ATPases (SERCA-type calcium pumps), enzymes that accumulate calcium in the ER, play an important role in these phenomena. We(More)
Both signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and SALL4 are important in maintaining the pluripotent and self-renewal state of embryonic stem cells. We hypothesized that STAT3, a latent transcriptional factor, may regulate the gene expression of SALL4. In support of this hypothesis, DNA sequence analysis of the SALL4 gene promoter revealed(More)
Interleukin-21 (IL-21) has been recently shown to modulate the growth of specific types of B-cell neoplasm. Here, we studied the biological effects of IL-21 in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). All MCL cell lines and tumors examined expressed the IL-21 receptor. Addition of recombinant IL-21 (rIL-21) in vitro effectively induced STAT1 activation and apoptosis in(More)
Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum-type calcium transport ATPases (SERCA enzymes) pump calcium ions from the cytosol into the endoplasmic reticulum. We report that in addition to the ubiquitously expressed SERCA2b isoform, a new splice variant of SERCA2 can be detected (SERCA2c) that arises from the inclusion of a short intronic sequence located between exons 20(More)
Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPases (SERCAs) pump Ca2+ into the endoplasmic reticulum. Recently, three human SERCA3 (h3a-c) proteins and a previously unknown rat SERCA3 (r3b/c) mRNA have been described. Here, we (i) document two novel human SERCA3 splice variants h3d and h3e, (ii) provide data for the expression and mechanisms regulating the expression(More)
Calcium accumulation in the endoplasmic reticulum is accomplished by sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium transport ATPases (SERCA enzymes). To better characterize the role of SERCA3 in colon carcinogenesis, its expression has been investigated in colonic epithelium, benign lesions, adenomas, and adenocarcinomas. In addition, the regulation of SERCA3(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3β, recently found to be functionally abnormal in various types of human disease, is negatively regulated by the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. As Akt is constitutively activated in a subset of breast cancer, we hypothesized that glycogen synthase kinase 3β is inappropriately inactivated in these cases. In this study, we aimed to(More)
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a specific type of aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We recently found that IL-22RA1, one of the two subunits of the interleukin 22 (IL-22) receptor, is expressed in MCL cell lines but not benign lymphocytes. In view of normal functions of IL-22 signaling, we hypothesized that the aberrant expression of IL-22RA1 may(More)