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BACKGROUND Topoisomerase II poisons are in clinical use as anti-cancer therapy for decades and work by stabilizing the enzyme-induced DNA breaks. In contrast, catalytic inhibitors block the enzyme before DNA scission. Although several catalytic inhibitors of topoisomerase II have been described, preclinical concepts for exploiting their anti-proliferative(More)
Chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) results from the Bcr-Abl oncoprotein, which has a constitutively activated Abl tyrosine kinase domain. Although most chronic phase CML patients treated with imatinib as first-line therapy maintain excellent durable responses, patients who have progressed to advanced-stage CML frequently fail to respond or lose their(More)
EphB4 and its cognitive ligand ephrinB2 play an important role in embryonic vessel development and vascular remodeling. In addition, several reports suggest that this receptor ligand pair is also involved in pathologic vessel formation in adults including tumor angiogenesis. Eph/ephrin signaling is a complex phenomena characterized by receptor forward(More)
Initial studies with angiogenesis inhibitors showed little clinical benefit. However, recently reported clinical studies in colorectal cancer have shown that bevacizumab, a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) monoclonal antibody, in combination with cytotoxic therapy has positive effects on patient survival. Furthermore, the VEGF receptor kinase(More)
We have selected cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), an enzyme participating in the regulation of the cell cycle, as a target in our efforts to discover new antitumor agents. By exploiting available structural information, we designed an ATP-site directed ligand scaffold that allowed us to identify(More)
An attractive target for therapeutic intervention is constitutively activated, mutant FLT3, which is expressed in a subpopulation of patients with acute myelocyic leukemia (AML) and is generally a poor prognostic indicator in patients under the age of 65 years. PKC412 is one of several mutant FLT3 inhibitors that is undergoing clinical testing, and which is(More)
Biomarkers for patient selection are essential for the successful and rapid development of emerging targeted anti-cancer therapeutics. In this study, we report the discovery of a novel patient selection strategy for the p53-HDM2 inhibitor NVP-CGM097, currently under evaluation in clinical trials. By intersecting high-throughput cell line sensitivity data(More)
A model for the binding mode of the potent protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine is proposed. Using the information provided by the crystal structure of the cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase, it is suggested that staurosporine, despite a seemingly unrelated chemical structure, exploits the same key hydrogen-bond interactions as ATP, the cofactor of the(More)
The use of aromatase inhibitors is an established therapy for oestrogen-dependent breast cancer in postmenopausal women. However, the sole commercially available aromatase inhibitor, aminoglutethimide, is not very selective. We have therefore developed fadrozole hydrochloride and CGS 20,267, which are both currently under clinical evaluation. This report(More)
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is driven by the activity of the BCR-ABL1 fusion oncoprotein. ABL1 kinase inhibitors have improved the clinical outcomes for patients with CML, with over 80% of patients treated with imatinib surviving for more than 10 years. Second-generation ABL1 kinase inhibitors induce more potent molecular responses in both previously(More)