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We undertook this study to determine the clinical, biologic, immunologic, and therapeutic factors associated with the prognoses of polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) and Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). Three hundred forty-two patients (260 with PAN, 82 with CSS) followed from 1980 to 1993 were included in a prospective study on prognostic factors. Two hundred(More)
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a systemic vasculitis characterized by the presence of asthma, hypereosinophilia, and necrotizing vasculitis with extravascular eosinophil granulomas. In this retrospective study of 96 patients between 1963 and 1995, we analyzed clinical manifestations, identified prognostic factors, and assessed the long-term outcome. CSS(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate treatment with methotrexate (MTX) in patients with newly diagnosed giant cell arteritis (GCA) to determine if MTX reduces GCA relapses and cumulative corticosteroid (CS) requirements and diminishes disease- and treatment-related morbidity. METHODS This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind study. Over 4 years, 16 centers from(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a rare disease whose frequency has been decreasing over the past 10 years. We evaluated 41 patients with HBV-related PAN to determine the circumstances leading to infection, the clinical features of vasculitis, the prognostic factors, and the response to therapy. Most patients were first treated(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness and side effects of oral versus pulse cyclophosphamide (CYC) in combination with corticosteroids (CS) in the treatment of systemic Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). METHODS Patients with newly diagnosed systemic WG were enrolled in a prospective, randomized trial. At the time of diagnosis, prior to randomization,(More)
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), first described by Küssmaul and Maier, is a well-known form of necrotizing angiitis whose manifestations are weight loss, fever, asthenia, peripheral neuropathy, renal involvement, musculoskeletal and cutaneous manifestations, hypertension, gastrointestinal tract involvement, and cardiac failure. Recently individualized from PAN,(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the most effective treatment for severe polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) and Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) and to investigate the indication for plasma exchange treatment. METHODS We conducted a prospective, randomized, multicenter trial in which 62 patients were randomly assigned to receive either prednisone plus cyclophosphamide(More)
Twenty-five patients with good-prognosis polyarteritis nodosa or Churg-Strauss syndrome entered a prospective, randomized, multicentre study comparing two treatments: either oral corticosteroids and oral cyclophosphamide (CY; 2 mg/kg/day) for 1 yr (group A), or oral corticosteroids and monthly i.v. CY pulses (0.6 g/m2) (group B) for 1 yr. The objective was(More)
OBJECTIVE Circumstances predisposing hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients to develop mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC), which may manifest as a small-vessel systemic vasculitis (MC vasculitis), remain unclear. Previous studies have failed to demonstrate a clear role of either viral factors (genotype, viral load) or host factors (lymphocytes or immunoglobulin(More)
From January 1996 to January 1997, 321 patients with an average age of 46 +/- 16 years and chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) were prospectively enrolled in a study designed to determine the prevalence of extrahepatic manifestations associated with HCV infection in a large cohort of HCV patients, to identify associations between clinical and(More)