Pascal Clayette

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Cysteine is the limiting precursor for glutathione synthesis. Because of its low bioavailability, cysteine is generally produced from cystine, which may be taken up through two different transporters. The cystine/glutamate antiporter (x system) transports extracellular cystine in exchange for intracellular glutamate. The X(AG) transport system takes up(More)
The growing array of in vitro models of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) which have been used makes it difficult to draw firm conclusions concerning the BBB penetration of HIV-1 protease inhibitors. What is needed is a combined in vivo and in vitro study on biological models that mimic as closely as possible the normal human BBB, to establish whether and how(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are caused by accumulation of highly resistant misfolded amyloid prion protein PrPres and can be initiated by penetration of such pathogen molecules from infected tissue to intact organism. Decontamination of animal meal containing amyloid prion protein is proposed thanks to the use of proteolytic enzymes secreted(More)
Neurological disorders represent one of the most common disturbances accompanying HIV infection. In the past few years, highly antiretroviral active therapy has significantly reduced the incidence of HIV-related diseases. However, neurological dysfunction in AIDS patients still remains an unresolved problem. Oxidative stress, which occurs in brain tissues(More)
Aluminum hydroxide (AlOOH) has been used for many years as a vaccine adjuvant, but little is known about its mechanism of action. We investigated in this study the in vitro effect of aluminum hydroxide adjuvant on isolated macrophages. We showed that AlOOH-stimulated macrophages contain large and persistent intracellular crystalline inclusions, a(More)
In the domain of health, one important challenge is the efficient delivery of drugs in the body using non-toxic nanocarriers. Most of the existing carrier materials show poor drug loading (usually less than 5 wt% of the transported drug versus the carrier material) and/or rapid release of the proportion of the drug that is simply adsorbed (or anchored) at(More)
The neuroregulatory activities of PMS-601, a platelet activating factor antagonist, were investigated in laboratory and animal models of HIV-1 encephalitis (HIVE). For the former, PMS-601 reduced monocyte-derived macrophage pro-inflammatory secretions, multinucleated giant cell (MGC) formation, and neuronal loss independent of antiretroviral responses.(More)
With the detection of prions in specific tissues in variant and sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseases, efficient decontamination for human transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) agents, that is compatible with medical equipment, has become a major issue. We previously described the cleavage of prions on exposure to copper (Cu) and hydrogen peroxide(More)
4-(N)-1,1',2-trisnor-squalenoyldideoxycytidine monophosphate (SQddC-MP) and 4-(N)-1,1',2-trisnor-squalenoylgemcitabine monophosphate (SQdFdC-MP) were synthesized using phosphoramidite chemistry. These amphiphilic molecules self-assembled to about hundred nanometers size nanoassemblies in aqueous medium. Nanoassemblies of SQddC-MP displayed significant(More)
The macrophage-secreted 92-kDa type IV collagenase and metalloproteinases play a critical role in cell microenvironment regulation and cell movement. HIV infection of macrophages might be capable of deregulating the expression of these gelatinases. Hence, human monocyte-derived-macrophages were infected by lymphotropic HIV-1/Lai and monocytropic HIV-1/DAS(More)