Pascal Bigey

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DNA methylation is an important component of the epigenetic control of genome functions. Understanding the regulation of the DNA Methyltransferase (dnmt1) gene expression is critical for comprehending how DNA methylation is coordinated with other critical biological processes. In this paper, we investigate the transcriptional regulatory region of the human(More)
Ectopic expression of DNA methyltransferase transforms vertebrate cells, and inhibition of DNA methyltransferase reverses the transformed phenotype by an unknown mechanism. We tested the hypothesis that the presence of an active DNA methyltransferase is required for DNA replication in human non-small cell lung carcinoma A549 cells. We show that the(More)
BACKGROUND In the context of preclinical development, we studied the potential of intra-articular gene delivery using a recombinant adeno-associated virus 5 (rAAV5) encoding a chimeric human tumour necrosis factoralpha (TNFalpha) soluble receptor I linked to a mouse immunoglobulin heavy chain Fc portion (TNF receptor I; TNFRI-Ig). METHODS Expression was(More)
Electrotransfer is a simple and efficient strategy of nonviral gene delivery. We have used this method to deliver plasmids encoding three human tumor necrosis factor-alpha soluble receptor I variants (hTNFR-Is) a monomeric hTNFR-Is, a chimeric hTNFR-Is/mIgG1, and a dimeric (hTNFR-Is)(2) form. Electrotransfer parameters were studied and because anti-TNF(More)
Muscle precursor cell (myoblasts) transplantation is considered as a potential approach to restore dystrophin expression in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients. The study purpose was to verify the implication of hypoxia in the myoblast death observed after their transplantation and also to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Binding to chondroitin sulfate A by VAR2CSA, a parasite protein expressed on infected erythrocytes, allows placental sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes. This leads to severe consequences such as maternal anemia, stillbirths, and intrauterine growth retardation. The latter has been clearly associated to increased(More)
Botulinum neurotoxins are known to be among the most toxic known substances. They produce severe paralysis by preventing the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction. Thus, new strategies for efficient production of safe and effective anti-botulinum neurotoxin antisera have been a high priority. Here we describe the use of DNA electrotransfer(More)
DNA-cytosine-5-methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) is the enzyme believed to be responsible for maintaining the epigenetic information encoded by DNA methylation patterns. The target recognition domain of DNMT1, the domain responsible for recognizing hemimethylated CGs, is unknown. However, based on homology with bacterial cytosine DNA methyltransferases it has(More)
OBJECTIVE There are controversies regarding the pro-angiogenic activity of placental growth factor (PGF) in diabetic retinopathy (DR). For a better understanding of its role on the retina, we have evaluated the effect of a sustained PGF over-expression in rat ocular media, using ciliary muscle electrotransfer (ET) of a plasmid encoding rat PGF-1(More)
The concept of DNA immunization was first advanced in the early 1990s, but was not developed because of an initial lack of efficiency. Recent technical advances in plasmid design and gene delivery techniques have allowed renewed interest in the idea. Particularly, a better understanding of genetic immunization has led to construction of optimized plasmids(More)