Pascal Alfonsi

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BACKGROUND Rapid development of acute opioid tolerance is well established in animals and is more likely to occur with large doses of short-acting drugs. The authors therefore tested the hypothesis that intraoperative remifentanil administration results in acute opioid tolerance that is manifested by increased postoperative pain and opioid requirement. (More)
Pethidine is reported to be more effective than equi-analgesic doses of other opioids as an inhibitor of postanaesthetic shivering. The aim of this study was to verify whether this action resulted from a local anaesthetic effect of pethidine or from inadequate fentanyl dosage in previous studies. We studied 52 ASA 1 or 2 patients. They were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND The analgesic nefopam does not compromise ventilation, is minimally sedating, and is effective as a treatment for postoperative shivering. The authors evaluated the effects of nefopam on the major thermoregulatory responses in humans: sweating, vasoconstriction, and shivering. METHODS Nine volunteers were studied on three randomly assigned(More)
Symptomatic suprarenal coral reef aortic lesions have a poor natural history and threaten visceral and lower extremity perfusion. We report our experience with total laparoscopic suprarenal aortic coral reef removal in three patients, aged 46, 48, and 52 years. Coral reef lesions were associated with aortoiliac occlusive lesions in two cases. One patient(More)
The analgesia and the frequency and severity of oxyhemoglobin desaturation related to alfentanil administration were compared in 32 patients randomly selected to receive patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) by either the epidural (EPI) or intravenous (i.v.) route for a mean period of 16 h after major abdominal surgery. Bolus increments of 250 micrograms of(More)
Enhanced recovery after surgery provides patients with optimal means to counteract or minimize the deleterious effects of surgery. This concept can be adapted to suit a specific surgical procedure (i.e., colorectal surgery) and comes in the form of a program or a clinical pathway covering the pre-, intra- and postoperative periods. The purpose of these(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to identify differences in the per- and postoperative outcomes between total laparoscopic and open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). METHODS We reviewed 30 patients who underwent total laparoscopic AAA repair between July 2003 and December 2004 (group I). This group was matched in a case-control fashion(More)
The effect of laparoscopy on cardiac function is controversial. We hypothesized that cardiac dysfunction related to increased afterload could be predominant in patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic repair. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a transesophageal echocardiographic study in 15 patients during laparoscopic aortic surgery. We(More)
Postanaesthetic shivering is one of the leading causes of discomfort for patients recovering from general anesthesia. During EMG records, the distinguishing factor from shivering in fully awake patients is the existence of clonus similar to that recorded in patients with spinal cord transection. They coexist with the classic waxing and waning signals(More)
AIM The aim of the study was to describe our experience of total laparoscopic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. METHODS Between February 2002 and September 2004, we performed 49 total laparoscopic AAA repair in 45 men and 4 women. Median age was 73 years (range, 46-85 years). Median aneurysm size was 52 mm (range, 30-95 mm). ASA class of patients(More)