Pascal Alexandre Thomas

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One-hundred-ninety-four eligible and evaluable patients with histologically confirmed locally unresectable adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were randomly assigned to therapy with high-dose (6000 rads) radiation therapy alone, to moderate-dose (4000 rads) radiation + 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and to high-dose radiation plus 5-FU. Median survival with radiation(More)
Controlling the number of functional gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABA(A)) receptors in neuronal membranes is a crucial factor for the efficacy of inhibitory neurotransmission. Here we describe the direct interaction of GABA(A) receptors with the ubiquitin-like protein Plic-1. Furthermore, Plic-1 is enriched at inhibitory synapses and is associated with(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that fibrosis present during the fibroproliferative phase of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) can be treated by corticosteroids. However, neither clinical nor microbiologic criteria permit differentiation of this fibroproliferative phase from a nosocomial pneumonia. The aim of this observational case series was to(More)
BACKGROUND Esophagectomy induces a systemic inflammatory response whose extent has been recognized as a predictive factor of postoperative respiratory morbidity. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a protective ventilatory strategy to reduce systemic inflammation in patients undergoing esophagectomy. METHODS The authors(More)
The purpose of this prospective postmortem study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of bronchoscopic techniques (bronchoalveolar lavage [BAL] and protected specimen brush [PSB]) and nonbronchoscopic techniques (blind bronchial sampling [BBS] and mini-BAL) in the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The results of each technique were(More)
1. Whole-cell glycine-activated currents were recorded from human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells expressing wild-type and mutant recombinant homomeric glycine receptors (GlyRs) to locate the inhibitory binding site for Zn2+ ions on the human alpha1 subunit. 2. Glycine-activated currents were potentiated by low concentrations of Zn2+ (<10 microM) and inhibited(More)
Modern postoperative mortality rates for resectional operations for lung cancer are not readily available. In recent publications estimating the risk factors for surgical resection, mortality rates of 10% to 15% for pneumonectomy and 5% to 7% for lobectomy are frequently quoted. In order to determine modern operative mortality rates (up to 30 days(More)
Paradigms of Latent Inhibition (LI) are inter-species and derived from learning theories. They are considered as tools which allow the attentional processes to be studied. The absence of LI is interpreted as difficulty in discriminating relevant and irrelevant stimuli. Abolition of LI has been shown in acute schizophrenics. The objectives of our study were(More)
OBJECTIVE The impact of a contributive result of open-lung biopsy on the outcome of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has not been extensively investigated. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the rate of contributive open-lung biopsy and whether it improved the prognosis of ARDS patients. DESIGN Prospective study(More)