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BACKGROUND As the voiding habits of Iranian children differs from other children because of some cultural and religious considerations, we aimed to establish normal reference values of urinary flow rates in Iranian children between 7 to 14 years of age. METHODS Eight hundred and two uroflowmetry studies were performed on children with no history of a(More)
We evaluated the protective effects of antioxidant at the onset of fever on renal damage in a rat model of acute pyelonephritis. Twenty rats were allocated to four groups. In groups 1 to 3, the animals were given direct inoculation of Escherichia coli into the right kidney, and group four served as control. All rats in groups 1 to 3 were given once-daily(More)
BACKGROUND Young people are of particular importance in state policies against Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). We intended to assess the knowledge and attitude of high school students regarding AIDS in Iran. METHODS Through a cluster-sampling, 4641 students from 52 high schools in Tehran were assessed by anonymous questionnaires in February(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the time-dependent regeneration of different cellular components in the bladder acellular matrix graft (BAMG) and the involvement of hematopoietic stem cells in BAMG vascular regeneration. METHODS AND MATERIALS Thirty-three male Sprague Dawley rats underwent partial cystectomy and the acellular matrices were grafted to the(More)
Selenium is a potential chemopreventive agent against prostate cancer. This study sought to evaluate and compare the serum selenium level in men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer and noncancerous patients. Between 2005 and 2006, this prospective case-control study was performed on patients referred to Sina and Imam University hospitals, Tehran, Iran; it(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin A in the treatment of children with detrusor hyperreflexia caused by myelomeningocele and the effects of this treatment on neuropathic bladder and bowel dysfunction. METHODS In a prospective study, 26 children with myelomeningocele (20 boys and 6 girls, mean age 6.9 years) were included. All patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness and safety of cinnarizine as a migraine-preventive therapy. METHODS Sixty patients with more than 2 migraine headache attacks during a 4-week baseline entered the study and received a 25-mg tablet cinnarizine twice daily for the first 3 days and then 3 times daily. They were assessed on weeks 2, 6, 10, and 14.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether vaginal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonisation or other baseline characteristics of women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) can help in identifying subgroups of women who would benefit from immediate delivery. DESIGN Secondary analysis of the PPROMEXIL trials. SETTING Sixty hospitals in the(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the outcome of pubic bone approximation and internal fixation using a miniature metal plate and screws without osteotomy in children with bladder exstrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 17 children with bladder exstrophy underwent surgery. Mean patient age was 27 months. Of the patients 15 had a history of 1 or more failed bladder(More)