Parvin Tajik

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BACKGROUND Young people are of particular importance in state policies against Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). We intended to assess the knowledge and attitude of high school students regarding AIDS in Iran. METHODS Through a cluster-sampling, 4641 students from 52 high schools in Tehran were assessed by anonymous questionnaires in February(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal mortality (MM) is an avoidable death and there is national, international and political commitment to reduce it. The objective of this study is to examine the relation of MM to socioeconomic factors and its inequality in Iran's provinces at an ecologic level. METHODS The overall MM from each province was considered for 3 years from(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to evaluate the importance of spina bifida occulta in radiographs of children with lower urinary tract or bowel dysfunction. METHODS The authors prospectively investigated the presence of spinal cord abnormalities in 176 patients with functional urinary and bowel problems: 88 children with radiographic evidence of(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary tuberculosis is still the most common form of tuberculosis in HIV infected patients having different presentations according to the degree of immunosuppression. This study appraised the impact of HIV infection on clinical, laboratory and radiological presentations of tuberculosis. METHODS The clinical, laboratory and radiological(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have investigated the variations in the anatomy of each segment of the cerebral arterial circle while a few have addressed the variations of the cerebral arterial circle as a whole. METHODS Thirty brains of recently deceased Iranian infants and fetuses were dissected. The dissection process was filmed and digitized so as to be(More)
The decade since the publication of the Human Genome Project draft has ended with the discovery of hundreds of genomic markers related to diseases and phenotypes. However, the project has not yet delivered on its promise to tailor treatments for individuals. The number of genomic markers in clinical practice is very small. The number of markers to guide(More)
BACKGROUND To find out about the prenatal diagnosis rate of myelomeningocele (MMC) by ultrasound scan in patients referred to the Children's Hospital Medical Center in Tehran, Iran from July 2004 to July 2005. METHODS We included 140 children born with MMC and who were referred for management, surgery and treatment of complications associated with it. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Cervical myelomeningocele (cMMC) is a rare disease. Only a few series have been published regarding cMMC. Different issues regarding the etiology, classification, clinical, surgical, and pathological aspects of cMMC are still a matter of conflict. METHODS Sixteen children operated on for cMMC between July 2000 and 2003 were followed by the(More)
OBJECT Patients with myelomeningoceles (MMCs) are at increased risk of latex allergy and sensitization. Number of surgeries and history of atopy are known risk factors. The object of this study was to evaluate the role of diagnostic procedures and nonsurgical treatments in latex sensitization in young patients with MMC. METHODS Seventy-three children with(More)
BACKGROUND A key challenge for equality evaluation and monitoring, mainly in developing countries, is assessing socioeconomic status (SES) of individuals. This difficulty along with low technical competency, have resulted in many health information collected in these countries which are devoid of suitable SES indices. However, simplifying data collection(More)